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U+7011, 瀑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7011

[U+7010]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7012]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +15, 18 strokes, cangjie input 水日廿水 (EATE), four-corner 36132, composition)

  1. waterfall, cascade
  2. heavy rain

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 659, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18609
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1069, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1778, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7011

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
瀑-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*boːwɢs, *boːɡ
*boːwɢs, *boːɡ
*boːwɢs, *boːɡ
*boːwɢs
*proːwɢs, *poːwɢ, *proːwɢ
*poːwɢ, *poːwɢ
*proːwɢ
*pʰroːwɢ, *broːwɢ
*broːwɢ, *poːwɢ
*broːwɢ

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰu⁵¹/
/pʰu³⁵/
Harbin /pʰu²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰu⁵³/
Jinan /pɔ²¹/
/pu⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰu⁵³/
Xi'an /pʰu⁵³/
Xining /pʰv̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰu¹³/
Lanzhou /pʰu¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰu⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰu²¹³/
Chengdu /pau¹³/
Guiyang /pʰu²¹/
Kunming /pʰu³¹/
Nanjing /pʰoʔ⁵/
Hefei /pʰəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao
Hohhot /pʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /boʔ¹/
/bɔ²³/
Suzhou /boʔ³/
Hangzhou /boʔ²/
Wenzhou /bo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰɔ²²/
Tunxi /pʰu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pʰu²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰu²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /pʰuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /pʰɑu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pok̚²/
Nanning /pɔk̚²²/
Hong Kong /puk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbau³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/buk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/buk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/buk̚/
Wang
Li
/buk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bào
Middle
Chinese
‹ buwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˁawk/
English waterfall?

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 332 345
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boːwɢs/ /*boːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. waterfall

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰu⁵¹/
/pʰu³⁵/
Harbin /pʰu²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰu⁵³/
Jinan /pɔ²¹/
/pu⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰu⁵³/
Xi'an /pʰu⁵³/
Xining /pʰv̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰu¹³/
Lanzhou /pʰu¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰu⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰu²¹³/
Chengdu /pau¹³/
Guiyang /pʰu²¹/
Kunming /pʰu³¹/
Nanjing /pʰoʔ⁵/
Hefei /pʰəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao
Hohhot /pʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /boʔ¹/
/bɔ²³/
Suzhou /boʔ³/
Hangzhou /boʔ²/
Wenzhou /bo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰɔ²²/
Tunxi /pʰu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pʰu²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰu²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /pʰuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /pʰɑu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pok̚²/
Nanning /pɔk̚²²/
Hong Kong /puk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbau³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/bɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/bɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bawH/
Li
Rong
/bɑuH/
Wang
Li
/bɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bào
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bào
Middle
Chinese
‹ buwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˁawk/
English waterfall?

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 332 345
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boːwɢs/ /*boːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. heavy rain
  2. () (river in Henan province)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. waterfall, cascade

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pok, po) (hangeul , , revised pok, po, McCune–Reischauer p'ok, p'o, Yale phok, pho)

  1. waterfall, cascade
  2. heavy rain

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: bộc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.