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U+4FDD, 保
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FDD

[U+4FDC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FDE]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
保-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人口木 (ORD), four-corner 26294, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 105, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 702
  • Dae Jaweon: page 222, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 160, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4FDD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*puː, *puː
*puːʔ
*puːʔ
*puːʔ
*puːʔ
*puːʔ
*puːʔ
*puːʔ
*puːʔ
*ɦmluːʔ, *ɢʷeːɡs, *ɢeːɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (person) + (baby) – a person (mother) protecting her child.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɑuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pɑuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɑuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pawX/
Li
Rong
/pɑuX/
Wang
Li
/pɑuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɑuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bǎo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ pawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤuʔ/
English protect

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 318
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*puːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to raise; to rear
  2. to keep; to maintain
  3. to protect; to safeguard; to defend
  4. to ensure; to guarantee
  5. guarantor
  6. Short for 保釋保释 (bǎoshì, “to bail”).
  7. (historical) bao (a unit of the ancient administrative system, consisting of some 100 households)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 保守 (ほしゅ, ​hoshu)
  • 保障 (ほしょう, ​hoshō)
  • 保証 (ほしょう, ​hoshō)
  • 保身 (ほしん, ​hoshin)

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たもつ, romaji Tamotsu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bo) (hangeul , revised bo, McCune-Reischauer po)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bảo, bầu, bửu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]