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U+5154, 兔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5154

[U+5153]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5155]
兔 U+2F80F, 兔
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F80F
免
[U+2F80E]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 兤
[U+2F810]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
兔-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

A variant form with rather than on top exists. A compatibility ideograph (U+2F80F) exists for the character with on top.

Han character[edit]

(radical 10, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓山戈 (NUI), four-corner 17413, composition(GHTJV) or ⿷免(K))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 125, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1368
  • Dae Jaweon: page 265, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 273, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5154

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
兔-oracle.svg 兔-bronze.svg 兔-seal.svg 兔-bigseal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰaːs, *daː
*tʰaːs
*tʰaːs
*daː

Pictogram (象形) – a rabbit.

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “STEDT: *tow-la, borrowing from Chinese into other ST languages”

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰuoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰoH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɔH/
Li
Rong
/tʰoH/
Wang
Li
/tʰuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ thuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˁa-s/
English rabbit, hare

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12509
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰaːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. leporid; rabbit or hare
  2. moon
  3. Short for 伏兔 (“a component of a chariot”).
  4. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 兔子 (“rabbit; hare”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing 兔兒, 兔子
Taiwan 兔子
Harbin 兔兒, 兔子
Shenyang 兔子
Hailar 兔子
Ulanhot 兔子
Tongliao 兔子
Chifeng 兔子
Bayanhot 兔子
Jinan 兔子
Muping 兔子
Luoyang 兔子
Wanrong 兔娃
Xi'an
Zhengzhou
Xining 兔兒
Xuzhou 豁子, 跑食, 跑子
Yinchuan 兔子
Lanzhou 兔兒
Ürümqi 兔子
Wuhan 兔子
Huanggang 兔兒, 跑山子
Chengdu 兔兒
Guiyang 兔子, 長耳朵 humorous
Guilin 兔子
Liuzhou 兔子
Kunming 兔子
Yangzhou 兔子
Nanjing 兔子
Hefei 兔子, 跑山子
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 兔子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong , 兔仔
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 兔仔
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
Hong Kong (Ting Kok) 兔仔
Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau) 兔仔
Macau
Panyu
Huadu (Huashan) 兔仔
Conghua
Zengcheng 兔仔
Foshan
Nanhai (Shatou)
Shunde
Sanshui 兔仔
Gaoming (Mingcheng)
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Zhuhai (Qianshan)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Doumen
Jiangmen (Baisha)
Xinhui
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan)
Enping (Niujiang)
Heshan (Yayao)
Dongguan
Bao'an (Shajing) 白兔
Shaoguan , 兔仔
Yunfu 兔仔
Yangjiang , 兔仔
Xinyi
Lianjiang 兔仔
Nanning
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu
Danzhou 兔仔
Kuala Lumpur 兔仔
Ho Chi Minh City
Gan Nanchang 兔子
Lichuan 兔兒
Pingxiang 兔子
Hakka Meixian 兔仔
Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
Huizhou (Shuikou Bendihua)
Huizhou (Hengli Bendihua) 兔哩
Huidong (Pingshan Bendihua) 兔仔
Dongguan (Qingxi) 兔仔
Longmen (Pingling Bendihua) 兔哩
Longmen (Luxi Bendihua)
Boluo (Bendihua) 兔哎
Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 兔仔
Zengcheng (Zhengguo)
Zhongshan (Wuguishan) 兔仔
Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 兔仔
Wuhua (Shuizhai) 兔哩
Wuhua (Huacheng) 兔哩
Wuhua (Changbu) 兔哩
Wuhua (Mianyang) 兔哩
Heyuan (Bendihua) 兔咧
Zijin (Guzhu Bendihua)
Longchuan (Tuocheng Bendihua) 兔伊
Longchuan (Sidu Bendihua) 兔哎
Heping (Linzhai Bendihua) 兔蒂
Lianping (Zhongxin Bendihua)
Lianping (Longjie Bendihua)
Xinfeng (Matou Bendihua)
Xinfeng (Daxi Bendihua)
Conghua (Lütian)
Luchuan (Daqiao)
Yudu 兔子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 兔仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 兔仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 兔仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping) 兔仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 兔子
Hong Kong 兔仔
Sabah (Longchuan) 兔仔
Senai 兔仔
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 兔兒
Pingyao 兔兒
Xinzhou 兔兒
Baochang 兔子
Jining 兔子
Hohhot 兔兒
Baotou 兔子
Dongsheng 兔子
Linhe 兔子
Haibowan 兔子
Min Bei Jian'ou 兔仔
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing , 兔囝
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen 兔仔
Quanzhou 兔仔
Jinjiang 兔仔
Yongchun 熊鼠
Zhangzhou 兔仔
Dongshan 兔仔
Taipei 兔仔
Kaohsiung 兔仔
Tainan 兔仔
Taichung 兔仔
Wuqi
Hsinchu 兔仔
Taitung
Lukang 兔仔
Yilan 兔仔
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Zhangping (Yongfu) 洋鼠仔
Pingnan (Shangdu)
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru 兔囝
Wenchang
Haikou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou 兔鼠, 月鼠,
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) , 兔仔
Guilin (Dahe) 兔子
Wu Shanghai 兔子
Suzhou 兔子
Wuxi 兔子
Hangzhou 兔兒
Wenzhou 兔兒
Chongming 兔子
Danyang 兔子
Jinhua 兔兒,
Ningbo 兔子,
Xiang Changsha 兔子
Shuangfeng 兔子
Loudi 兔子
Quanzhou 兔子

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Mercury (planet)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Used in 於菟”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (tsu)
  • Kan-on: (to)
  • Kun: うさぎ (usagi, )

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(to) (hangeul , revised to, McCune–Reischauer t'o)

  1. 토끼 (tokki) rabbit, hare
  2. (dal) moon

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thố, thỏ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.