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See also: and
U+5154, 兔
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5154

[U+5153]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5155]
兔 U+2F80F, 兔
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F80F
免
[U+2F80E]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 兤
[U+2F810]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
兔-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

A variant form with rather than on top exists. A compatibility ideograph (U+2F80F) exists for the character with on top.

Han character[edit]

(radical 10, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓山戈 (NUI), four-corner 17413, composition(GHTJV) or ⿷免(K))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 125, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1368
  • Dae Jaweon: page 265, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 273, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5154

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
兔-oracle.svg 兔-bronze.svg 兔-seal.svg 兔-bigseal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – a rabbit.

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “STEDT: *tow-la, borrowing from Chinese into other ST languages”)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰuoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰoH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɔH/
Li
Rong
/tʰoH/
Wang
Li
/tʰuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ thuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˁa-s/
English rabbit, hare

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12509
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰaːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. leporid; rabbit or hare
  2. moon
  3. Short for 伏兔 (“a component of a chariot”).
  4. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Mercury (planet)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Used in 於菟”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Rabbit

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (tsu)
  • Kan-on: (to)
  • Kun: うさぎ (usagi, )

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 토끼 (tokki to))

  1. Hanja form? of (rabbit, hare).

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: thố, thỏ

  1. Rabbit
  2. (by extension) a leporid