토끼

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 톳〮기〮 (Yale: thwóskí).

Traditionally interpreted as Sino-Korean (to, rabbit) + unknown elements /-s-ki/, but seems more likely to be ultimately from Proto-Tungusic *tuksaki (hare).[1] The Sino-Korean etymology cannot give any clear source for the second syllable, while a very close match to the Tungusic is found in the dialectal Middle Korean form *투ᄭᅵ〮 (Yale: *thwùskí), attested in the place name 투ᄭᅵᆺ〮골〯 (Yale: Thwùskí-s-kwǒl, “rabbit valley”). The first syllable was probably then conflated with (thwo), leading to the modern form. Compare Oroqen tʊkʃakɪ (rabbit).

Pronunciation[edit]

토끼 (tokki)
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?tokki
Revised Romanization (translit.)?to'kki
McCune–Reischauer?t'okki
Yale Romanization?tho.kki

Noun[edit]

토끼 (tokki) (counter 마리)

  1. hare, rabbit, bunny

Alternative forms[edit]

  • 톳기 (totgi), 톡기 (tokgi)obsolete spellings before standardization

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2003), “Etymological Notes on Some Paleosiberian and Tungusic Loanwords in Korean”, in Proceedings of the Center for Korean Language and Culture[1], issue 5—6, St. Petersburg, Russia, pages 57—60