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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋs, *hljaŋ): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  ‎(OC *laŋ) – a kind of liquid, hot water, soup. Note that 昜 derives from ‎(sun), so connotations of “hot” – hot liquid, hot water, soup.

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水日一竹 (EAMH), four-corner 36127, composition)

  1. hot water
  2. soup, gravy, broth
  3. Tang of Shang, founder of Shang Dynasty of China
  4. used as a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 638, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17874
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1045, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1674, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6E6F

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /tʰaŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tʰɑŋ²¹/
Jinan /tʰaŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /tʰaŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /tʰaŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰaŋ²¹/
Xining /tʰɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tʰɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /tʰɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tʰaŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /tʰaŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /tʰaŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /tʰã̠/
Nanjing /tʰaŋ³¹/
Hefei /tʰɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /tʰɑŋ¹³/
/tʰuə¹³/
Hohhot /tʰɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /tʰɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /tʰɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tʰɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /tʰuɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /tʰa³¹/
Tunxi /tʰau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /tʰan³³/
Xiangtan /tʰɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /tʰɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /tʰoŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʰoŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tʰɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /tʰɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tʰɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tʰɔŋ⁵⁵/
/tʰŋ̍⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tʰouŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰaŋ³³/
/tʰɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /haŋ²³/
/ho²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (26) (6) (6)
Final () (105) (101) (101)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋ/ /tʰɑŋ/ /tʰɑŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋ/ /tʰɑŋ/ /tʰɑŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋ/ /tʰɑŋ/ /tʰɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋ/ /tʰaŋ/ /tʰaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋ/ /tʰɑŋ/ /tʰɑŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋ/ /tʰɑŋ/ /tʰɑŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋ/ /tʰɑŋ/ /tʰɑŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shāng tāng tàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shāng tāng tāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syang › ‹ thang › ‹ thang ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥aŋ/ /*l̥ˤaŋ/ /*r̥ˤaŋ/
English amply-flowing hot liquid (proper name:) founder of Shāng dynasty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 14552 14560 14585
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰaːŋ/ /*l̥ʰaːŋs/ /*hljaŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. soup; broth
  2. hot or boiling water, water in which something has been boiled
  3. decoction of medicinal herbs
    • /   ―  bái hǔ tāng  ―  White Tiger Decoction
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji yu)

  1. warm or hot water
  2. bathwater
  3. a hot spring
  4. a medicinal bath
  5. a medicinal decoction
  6. bilgewater
  7. molten metal used in casting or founding
  8. urine
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Baby talk.[2] Possibly onomatopoeic of a person blowing on a hot beverage.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぶう, romaji )

  1. (childish) warm or hot water
  2. (childish) tea

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(tang, sang) (hangeul , , revised tang, sang, McCune-Reischauer t'ang, sang, Yale thang, sang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.