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See also:
U+8C6C, 豬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C6C

[U+8C6B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C6D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
豬-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 152, +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 一人十大日 (MOJKA), four-corner 14260, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1198, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36432
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1660, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3616, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8C6C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
𢑳
𧳯

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
豬-bronze-warring.svg 豬-silk.svg 豬-slip.svg 豬-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ta): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *tjaːʔ).

Etymology[edit]

“pig”
Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan (Schuessler, 2007). Löffler (1966) considers Mru tia ((wild) pig) to be cognate.
Fangyan states that (OC *kraː) is a dialectal variant of (OC *ta), yet *kra was apparently older than *t(r)a and homophonic with (OC *kraː, “stag”); so instead *t(r)a is possibly an early rural dialectal variant (from the sound changes *ʈa < *tra < *Cra) of *kra, which would have had a general meaning of "male animal". See for more.
(Cantonese) virginity”
Referring to the similar-sounding word (cyu2).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: semantic reading for .
Note: tu - suburban Xiamen.
Note:
  • de1 - Chaozhou, Shantou;
  • du1 - Chaoyang, Puning, Huilai;
  • di1 - Shanwei.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂu²¹/
    /t͡su²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
    Qingdao /tʃu²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
    Xi'an /p͡fu²¹/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /p͡fu³¹/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡su⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /t͡su⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂu³¹/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂu²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡su¹¹/
    Pingyao /t͡sz̩ʷ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡su³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sz̩⁵³/
    Suzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ³³/
    Wenzhou /t͡sei³³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕy³¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕy¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy³³/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕy³³/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕy⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡su⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /tʃu²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sy⁵³/
    Nanning /t͡sy⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡sy⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ti⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ty⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tɯ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdu²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈɨʌ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈiɔ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiɔ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈɨə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶiɔ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭo/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯wo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhū
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhū
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ trjo ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tra/
    English pig

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16983
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ta/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. pig; hog; swine (Classifier: m;  m;  c mn)
      順利!(順利!) [MSC, trad.]
      顺利!(顺利!) [MSC, simp.]
      Zhū shì shùnlì! (Zhū shì shùnlì!) [Pinyin]
      May "pig things" (homophonous with "all things") go well with you! (used to wish a happy Chinese New Year in the Year of the Pig)
    2. (figuratively, colloquial, often as a term of abuse) pig (a lazy, lowly or contemptible person)
    3. (Cantonese) virginity (Classifier: c)

    Usage notes[edit]

    • This character may be considered taboo by Muslim groups in China, who will substitute (zhū) with (hēi), 豬肉猪肉 (zhūròu) with 大肉 (dàròu), etc.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Thai: ตือ (dtʉʉ)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeo)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: jeo, McCune–Reischauer: chŏ, Yale: ce)
      • Name (hangeul): 돼지 (revised: dwaeji, McCune–Reischauer: twaeji, Yale: twayci)
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trư, chưa, trơ, kiệt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.