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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 118 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹十大日 (HJKA), four-corner 88604, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 891, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26224
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1318, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2979, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7BB8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1[edit]

The Classical Chinese word for "chopsticks". It has been replaced by 筷子 (kuàizi) in most dialects for taboo reasons, avoiding homophony with (zhù, “stopping”) in boatmen's language. Still used in Min, and dialectal Mandarin/Wu/Cantonese/Hakka.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (11)
Final: (22)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖɨʌH/ /ɖiɔH/ /ȡiɔH/ /ɖɨə̆H/ /ȡiɔH/ /ȡĭoH/ /ȡʱi̯woH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhù ‹ drjoH › /*[d]<r>ak-s/ chopsticks

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16999 0 /*das/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary, regional) chopsticks   (Classifier: ; md; mn)
  2. (Min) chopstick-shaped object
    [Min Dong]  ―  bĭng-{d}ê̤ṳ / [piŋ⁵⁵⁻⁵³ tøy²⁴²] [Bàng-uâ-cê / IPA]  ―  ice lolly
  3. (Cantonese, Min, dialectal Mandarin) Classifier for an amount of food held with a pair of chopsticks.
    / [Cantonese]  ―  Ngo5 gaap3 zyu6 min6 bei2 nei5 si3 haa5 aa1. [Jyutping]  ―  I'll get a "chopstick-ful" of noodles for you to try.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 筷子 ("chopsticks")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing 筷子
Taiwan 筷子
Tianjin 筷子
Jinan 筷子
Xi'an 筷子
Wuhan 筷子
Chengdu 筷子
Yangzhou 筷子
Hefei 筷子
Cantonese Guangzhou 筷子
Hong Kong 筷子
Taishan 筷子
Gan Nanchang 筷子
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 筷仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 筷仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 筷仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 筷子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou 箸奇
Xiamen 箸奇箸雙奇箸
Zhangzhou 箸奇奇箸
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 筷兒
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha 筷子
Shuangfeng 筷子

Descendants[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
はし
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
はし
Grade: S
kun'yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はし, romaji hashi)

  1. chopsticks

See also[edit]

References[edit]



Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeo) (hangeul , revised jeo, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, Yale ce)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giạ, trứ, chước, đũa, trợ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999