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U+9EB5, 麵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EB5

[U+9EB4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EB6]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 199, +9, 20 strokes, cangjie input 十弓一田中 (JNMWL) or 十水一田中 (JEMWL), four-corner 41246, composition or ⿺)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1514, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47827
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2043, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4605, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9EB5

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp. *
variant forms


𪋽
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Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
麵-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*men
*menʔ
*menʔ
*menʔ
*menʔ, *mens
*menʔ
*mens
*meːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *meːns): semantic  (wheat) + phonetic  (OC *mens). Originally .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: erhua-ed - “powder”.
Note:
  • mī - vernacular;
  • biān - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /menH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /menH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /menH/
    Wang
    Li
    /mienH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mienH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    miàn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9100
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*meːns/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. flour
      玉米 / 玉米  ―  yùmǐmiàn  ―  corn flour
      /   ―  miànfěn  ―  flour
    2. dough
    3. noodles (Classifier: m c;  m c;  c)
      /   ―  tāngmiàn  ―  noodles in soup
    4. (Mainland China) powder
      /   ―  yàomiànr  ―  medicinal powder
    5. (Mainland China, dialectal) soft and floury
      白薯 / 白薯  ―  Zhè kuài báishǔ hěn miàn.  ―  This piece of sweet potato is really soft and floury.
    6. (Mandarin, colloquial, of a person) weak; timid; indecisive; slow

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 麵粉 (“(wheat) flour”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 麵粉
    Mandarin Beijing 白麵
    Taiwan 麵粉
    Harbin 白麵
    Jinan 白麵
    Muping
    Luoyang 白麵
    Jiedian
    Xi'an 麥麵
    Xining 白麵麵粉
    Xuzhou 麵粉白麵
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou 白麵
    Ürümqi 白麵
    Wuhan 灰麵麵粉
    Chengdu 灰麵麵粉
    Guiyang 灰麵
    Liuzhou 灰麵麵粉
    Yangzhou 乾麵
    Nanjing 乾麵麵粉
    Hefei 灰麵
    Cantonese Guangzhou 麵粉灰麵
    Hong Kong 麵粉
    Dongguan 麵粉
    Yangjiang 麵粉
    Gan Nanchang 灰麵
    Lichuan 麵灰
    Pingxiang 灰麵
    Hakka Meixian 麵粉麥粉
    Yudu 麵粉
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 麵粉
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 麵粉
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 麵粉
    Dongshi (Dabu) 麵粉
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 麵粉
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 麵粉
    Huizhou Jixi 灰麵白麵
    Jin Taiyuan 好麵白麵
    Xinzhou 好麵
    Min Bei Jian'ou 麵灰
    Min Dong Fuzhou 麵粉
    Min Nan Xiamen 麵粉
    Quanzhou 麵粉
    Zhangzhou 麵粉
    Chaozhou 麵粉麵灰
    Haikou 麵粉
    Pinghua Nanning 麵粉
    Wu Shanghai 麵粉乾麵
    Suzhou 麵餑麵粉
    Hangzhou 麵粉
    Wenzhou 麵粉飛麵
    Chongming 乾麵
    Danyang 麵白麵糏
    Jinhua 飛麵麥粉
    Ningbo 麵粉
    Xiang Changsha 灰麵
    Shuangfeng 灰麵
    Loudi 灰麵粉
    Dialectal synonyms of 麵條 (“noodle”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 麵條
    Mandarin Beijing 麵條兒
    Taiwan 麵條
    Harbin 麵條兒
    Jinan 麵條兒
    Muping
    Luoyang 麵條兒
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining 麵條兒
    Xuzhou 麵條兒麵條子
    Yinchuan 麵條子
    Lanzhou 麵條子
    Ürümqi 麵條子
    Wuhan 麵條
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Liuzhou 麵條
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing 麵條
    Hefei 麵條
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Dongguan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian 麵條
    Yudu
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu) 大麵
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 大麵
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 麵條子麵條
    Xinzhou 麵條子條條子麵條子麵
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Chaozhou
    Haikou 麵條
    Pinghua Nanning
    Wu Shanghai 麵條
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. flour
    2. dough
    3. noodles

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: めん (men)
    • Kan-on: べん (ben)
    • Kun: むぎこ (mugiko, )

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (myeon) (hangeul , revised myeon, McCune–Reischauer myŏn, Yale myen)

    1. wheat flour
    2. noodles

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (diện, , miến)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.