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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
粉-silk.svg 粉-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pɯnʔ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *pɯn, *bɯns)

Rice was used to make face powder

References[edit]

  • McNaughton, William (2005) Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, 2nd Edition edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 27

Han character[edit]

(radical 119 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 火木金尸竹 (FDCSH), four-corner 98927, composition)

  1. powder, face powder
  2. plaster
  3. rice noodles
  4. bean or sweet potato noodles
  5. starch
  6. pink

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 907, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26872
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1332, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3143, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7C89

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final: (59)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fěn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pɨunX/ /piunX/ /piuənX/ /punX/ /piuənX/ /pĭuənX/ /pi̯uənX/

Noun[edit]

  1. powder
    小麥 / 小麦  ―  Miànfěn shì xiǎomài zuò de fěn.  ―  Flour is a powder made from wheat.
  2. food made from starch or flour (noodles, vermicelli)
    /   ―  fěntiáo  ―  Chinese vermicelli
    /   ―  liángfěn  ―  grass jelly
      ―  fěn  ―  He fen noodle
  3. pink
      ―  fěn  ―  pink color
  4. white
  5. rice noodles
    河粉 (héfěn)
  6. bean or sweet potato noodles
  7. Abbreviation of 粉絲粉丝 (fěnsī, “fan, fanatic”).

Verb[edit]

  1. to whitewash

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Mandarin) “粉”, in MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-03-01

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. powder

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
こな
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana こな, romaji kona, alternative reading , romaji ko)

  1. powder

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bun) (hangeul , revised bun, McCune-Reischauer pun, Yale pun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phấn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.