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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *prɯːns, *hmroːlʔ, *pɯn, *pɯnʔ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *pɯn, *bɯns)

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手金尸竹 (QCSH), four-corner 58027, composition)

  1. dress up
  2. dress up as

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 418, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11829
  • Dae Jaweon: page 765, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1840, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+626E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Middle Chinese: /pɨun/, /hɣuɛX/, /pɨunX/, /bɨunX/, /pɣɛnH/
Rime
Character
Reading # 1/5 2/5 3/5 4/5 5/5
Initial () (1) (32) (1) (3) (1)
Final () (59) (32) (59) (59) (73)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Rising (X) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Closed Closed Open
Division () III II III III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨun/ /hɣuɛX/ /pɨunX/ /bɨunX/ /pɣɛnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/piun/ /hʷɯæX/ /piunX/ /biunX/ /pɯænH/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuən/ /xuæiX/ /piuənX/ /biuənX/ /pænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pun/ /hwaɨjX/ /punX/ /bunX/ /pəɨnH/
Li
Rong
/piuən/ /xuɛX/ /piuənX/ /biuənX/ /pɛnH/
Wang
Li
/pĭuən/ /xwaiX/ /pĭuənX/ /bĭuənX/ /pænH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uən/ /xwaiX/ /pi̯uənX/ /bʱi̯uənX/ /pănH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fēn fěn fèn bàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 3128 3141 3150 3153
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*prɯːns/ /*hmroːlʔ/ /*pɯn/ /*pɯnʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to dress up, to disguise oneself
  2. to act, to play
  3. to put on an expression, to make faces

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Mandarin) “扮”, in MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), accessed 2014-03-02

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. dress-up, disguise

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese, with the addition of Old Japanese ‎(su) for verb conjugation. ‎(su) eventually evolved into modern Japanese する ‎(suru).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

する ‎(hiragana ふんする, romaji fun suru)

  1. to dress up in a disguise, to disguise oneself
    老人 (ろうじん) (ふん)して警察 (けいさつ) ()げた。
    Rōjin ni funshite keisatsu o nigeta.
    He dressed up as / disguised himself as an old man and escaped from the police.
  2. to put on a costume, to play a role
    去年 (きょねん)ハムレットに (ふん)しました。
    Kyonen hamuretto ni funshimashita.
    Last year I played / took the role of Hamlet.

Conjugation[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bun, ban) (hangeul , , revised bun, ban, McCune-Reischauer pun, pan, Yale pun, pan)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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