From Old English elm, from Proto-Germanic *elmaz (compare dialectal Low German Elm, dialectal German Ilm, Norwegian and Swedish alm), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁élem 'mountain elm' (compare Irish leamh, Latin ulmus, Albanian ulzë (“maple”)).
- (countable) A tree of the genus Ulmus of the family Ulmaceae, large deciduous trees with alternate stipulate leaves and small apetalous flowers.
- 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., […], OCLC 752825175, page 048:
- It was not far from the house; but the ground sank into a depression there, and the ridge of it behind shut out everything except just the roof of the tallest hayrick. As one sat on the sward behind the elm, with the back turned on the rick and nothing in front but the tall elms and the oaks in the other hedge, it was quite easy to fancy it the verge of the prairie with the backwoods close by.
- (uncountable, usually attributive) Wood from an elm tree.
- Caucasian elm
- Chinese elm
- Cornish elm
- Dutch elm
- Dutch elm disease
- English elm
- field elm
- Huntingdon elm
elm m (plural elms)
elm (plural elms)