Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
灰-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(hand) +  ‎(fire) – fire that can be touched with the hand (ash). Note that the hand 又 has moved so it resembles ; compare shape in /.

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大火 (KF), four-corner 71289, composition𠂇 (GTKV) or ⿸ (J))

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 665, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18859
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1075, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2188, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7070

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuei⁵⁵/
Harbin /xuei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xuei²¹/
Jinan /xuei²¹³/
Qingdao /xue²¹³/
Zhengzhou /xuei²⁴/
Xi'an /xuei²¹/
Xining /xuɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xuei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xuei³¹/
Ürümqi /xuei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xuei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xuei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xuei⁵⁵/
Kunming /xuei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /xuəi³¹/
Hefei /xue²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /xuei¹¹/
Pingyao /xuæ¹³/
Hohhot /xuei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /hue⁵³/
Suzhou /hue̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /hui³³/
Wenzhou /fai³³/
Hui Shexian /xuɛ³¹/
Tunxi /xuə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fei³³/
Xiangtan /ɸəi³³/
Gan Nanchang /fɨi⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /foi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /foi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fui⁵³/
Nanning /fui⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /fui⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hue⁵⁵/
/he⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huoi⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hue³³/
/hui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hui²³/
/hu²³/
/hue²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (42)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/huʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/huoi/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwəj/
Li
Rong
/xuᴀi/
Wang
Li
/xuɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xuɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hēi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huī
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ˤə/
English ashes

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5414
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmɯː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. lime; mortar
  2. dust; ash;
  3. grey
    • 灰色 (huīsè, “gray color”)
  4. disheartened

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はい, romaji hai)

  1. ash

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hoe) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hoe, Yale hoy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Mulam[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(pu1)

  1. ash

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hôi, hoi, khôi, vôi, hui)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.