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U+7070, 灰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7070

[U+706F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7071]
灰 U+2F835, 灰
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F835
𠨬
[U+2F834]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 及
[U+2F836]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
6 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 86, +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大火 (KF), four-corner 40809 or 71289, composition𠂇(GHTK) or ⿸(JV or U+2F835))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 665, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18859
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1075, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2188, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7070

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mɯːs, *mɯː
*km̥ʰɯː
*km̥ʰlɯː
*km̥ʰɯː
*hmɯː

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (fire) – fire that can be touched with the hand (ash). has been modified to 𠂇; compare (“friend”), (“right”).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • he/her - vernacular;
    • hoe - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xuei⁵⁵/
    Harbin /xuei⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /xuei²¹/
    Jinan /xuei²¹³/
    Qingdao /xue²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /xuei²⁴/
    Xi'an /xuei²¹/
    Xining /xuɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /xuei⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /xuei³¹/
    Ürümqi /xuei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /xuei⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /xuei⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /xuei⁵⁵/
    Kunming /xuei⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /xuəi³¹/
    Hefei /xue²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /xuei¹¹/
    Pingyao /xuæ¹³/
    Hohhot /xuei³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /hue⁵³/
    Suzhou /hue̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /hui³³/
    Wenzhou /fai³³/
    Hui Shexian /xuɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /xuə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /fei³³/
    Xiangtan /ɸəi³³/
    Gan Nanchang /fɨi⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /foi⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /foi²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fui⁵³/
    Nanning /fui⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /fui⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hue⁵⁵/
    /he⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huoi⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hue³³/
    /hui³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hui²³/
    /hu²³/
    /hue²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (42)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /huʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /huoi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xuɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hwəj/
    Li
    Rong
    /xuᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /xuɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xuɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huī
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xwoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m̥ˁə/
    English ashes

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5414
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hmɯː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. lime; mortar
      • 灰泥 (huīní, “plaster, mortar”)
      • 石灰 (shíhuī, “lime”)
      • 灰岩 (“limestone”)
    2. dust; ash
    3. grey
      • 灰色 (huīsè, “gray color”)
    4. disheartened
    5. The tenth day of the month in Chinese telegraph messages

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Min Nan) dust; ash”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. ashes
    2. puckery juice
    3. cremate

    Readings[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はい, rōmaji hai, historical hiragana はひ)

    1. ash
       (ちり) (ちり)に、 (はい) (はい)
      chiri wa chiri ni, hai wa hai ni
      dust to dust, ashes to ashes

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (hoe) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer hoe, Yale hoy)

    1. ashes
    2. dust
    3. lime
    4. mortar

    Mulam[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (pu1)

    1. ash

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hôi, hoi, khôi, vôi, hui)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.