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See also:
U+706F, 灯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-706F

[U+706E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7070]

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *rteːŋ, *teːŋ).

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 火一弓 (FMN), composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 665, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18855
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1075, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2188, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+706F

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

As shinjitai/variant kanji of :

As unsimplified kanji :

Readings shared by both kanji:

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC təŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana とう, rōmaji )

  1. light

Counter[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana とう, rōmaji -tō)

  1. electric lights

Suffix[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana とう, rōmaji -tō)

  1. electric light

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ともし
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 点す (tomosu, to light).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ともし, rōmaji tomoshi)

  1. a light
  2. Alternative spelling of 照射 (a torch used to bait deer)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
ともしび
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Compound of 点し (tomoshi), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 点す (tomosu, to light) + (hi, fire). The hi changes to bi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ともしび, rōmaji tomoshibi)

  1. a light
    1986, 井上あずみ, 君をのせて
    [...]  (きみ)かくして  (かがや) (ひとみ)きらめく (ともしび)  () (きゅう)まわる (きみ)のせて [...]
    ...kimi o kakushite, kagayaku hitomi kirameku tomoshibi, chikyū wa mawaru kimi wo nosete, ...
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. a lit flame such as a candle or torch
  3. (historical, obsolete) under the Ritsuryō system in the Heian period, a kind of scholarship granted to university students
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
とぼし
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

/tomosi//tobosi//toboɕi/

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 点す (tobosu, to light, archaic).

Appears to be a shift from tomoshi above, nasal /m/ becomes plosive /b/.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana とぼし, rōmaji toboshi)

  1. (archaic) a light; a lamp

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana とぼし, rōmaji Toboshi)

  1. a place name

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
あかし
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 明かす (akasu, to pass).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana あかし, rōmaji akashi)

  1. a light or lamp, especially in the context of Shinto and Buddhism.
    1987, 坂本冬美, あばれ太鼓
     (やぐら) (だい) () (あかし)ゆれて (そろ)浴衣 (ゆかた) (なつ)ゆく
    yagura-daiko no akashi ga yurete soroi yukata no natsu ga yuku
    (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Cognate with (hi, fire).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana , rōmaji hi)

  1. a light that illuminates objects
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9