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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
骨-order.gif
Stroke order
(alternative)
骨-aorder.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
骨-oracle.svg 骨-silk.svg 骨-bigseal.svg 骨-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(skull) +  ‎(body)

Han character[edit]

(radical 188 +0, in Chinese 9 strokes, in Japanese 10 strokes, cangjie input 月月月 (BBB), four-corner 77227)

  1. bone
  2. skeleton
  3. frame, framework

Usage notes[edit]

The top section of the character turns left (◱) in PRC and Singapore, while it turns right (◲) elsewhere.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1447, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45098
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1973, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4406, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9AA8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ku²¹⁴/
/ku³⁵/
Harbin /ku²¹³/
Tianjin /ku¹³/ ~折
/ku²¹/ ~头
Jinan /ku²¹³/
Qingdao /ku⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ku²⁴/
Xi'an /ku²¹/
Xining /kv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ku¹³/
Lanzhou /ku¹³/
Ürümqi /ku²¹³/
Wuhan /ku²¹³/
Chengdu /ku³¹/
Guiyang /ku²¹/
Kunming /ku³¹/
Nanjing /kuʔ⁵/
Hefei /kuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kuəʔ²/
Pingyao /kuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /kuəʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kuəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /kuoʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ky²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ku⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ku²⁴/
Xiangtan /ku²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kuɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kut̚¹/
Taoyuan /kut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /kɛɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kut/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɔuʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ko²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kut̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuət̚/ /kuət̚/ /kuət̚/ /kuot̚/ /kwət̚/ /kuət̚/ /kuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kwot › /*kˤut/ bone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4321 2 /*kuːd/ 冎亦聲

Noun[edit]

  1. bone

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. skeleton
  2. bone

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 6784
  • Halpern: 2654
  • Halpern Learners: 1699
  • Heisig: 1288
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4b6.14
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(hone): a bone.
Kanji in this term
ほね
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

/pone//ɸone//hone/

From Old Japanese. Possibly cognate with Korean (ppyeo, “bone”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほね, romaji hone)

  1. bone
  2. a rib,

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かわら
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

/kapara//kaɸara//kawara/

Probably from Sanskrit कपालः ‎(kapāla, cup, bowl, skull). Cognate with ‎(kawara, tile, particularly for roofing or flooring).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かわら, romaji kawara, historical hiragana かはら)

  1. (archaic, rare) a bone, particularly a covering bone such as a skull or kneecap

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
こつ
Grade: 6
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(kwot, bone).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana こつ, romaji kotsu)

  1. remains, ashes
  2. knack

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gol) (hangeul , revised gol, McCune-Reischauer kol, Yale kol)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana くち, romaji kuchi)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くち, romaji kuchi)

  1. remains, ashes

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cốt, cọt, cút, gút)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]