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U+9AA8, 骨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9AA8

[U+9AA7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9AA9]

Translingual[edit]

Taiwanese
stroke order
骨-torder.gif
Stroke order
Simplified Chinese
骨-order.gif
Japanese
stroke order
骨-jorder.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 188 +0, in Chinese 9 strokes, in Japanese 10 strokes, cangjie input 月月月 (BBB), four-corner 77227)

  1. Kangxi radical #188, .

Usage notes[edit]

The top section of the character turns left (◱) in the simplified character used in PRC and Singapore, while it turns right (◲) in the traditional character used elsewhere.

Derived glyphs[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1447, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45098
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1973, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4406, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9AA8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Chu bamboo and silk script Qin bamboo and wooden slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
冎-bronze-shang.svg 冎-oracle.svg 骨-silk.svg 骨-slip.svg 骨-seal.svg 骨-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːl, *kʰuːlʔ, *kʰuːd
*ɡruːd, *kuːd, *ɡuːd
*ɡruːd
*ɡruːd
*ɡruːd
*ɡruːd, *kuːd, *ɡuːd
*qruːd
*kuːd
*kuːd
*kuːd
*kuːd
*kuːd, *ɡuːd
*kuːd
*ɡuːd
*ɡuːd, *ɡrɯːɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (skull) +  (body).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gǔ - usual pronunciation;
  • gú - used in some colloquial words, such as 骨頭 (“bone”) and 骨碌 (“to roll”);
  • gū - used in some colloquial words, such as 骨朵兒 (“unbloomed flower”).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ku²¹⁴/
/ku³⁵/
Harbin /ku²¹³/
Tianjin /ku¹³/ ~折
/ku²¹/ ~頭
Jinan /ku²¹³/
Qingdao /ku⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ku²⁴/
Xi'an /ku²¹/
Xining /kv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ku¹³/
Lanzhou /ku¹³/
Ürümqi /ku²¹³/
Wuhan /ku²¹³/
Chengdu /ku³¹/
Guiyang /ku²¹/
Kunming /ku³¹/
Nanjing /kuʔ⁵/
Hefei /kuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kuəʔ²/
Pingyao /kuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /kuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /kuəʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kuəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /kuoʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ky²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ku⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ku²⁴/
Xiangtan /ku²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kuɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kut̚¹/
Taoyuan /kut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /kɛɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kut/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɔuʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ko²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwət̚/
Li
Rong
/kuət̚/
Wang
Li
/kuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤut/
English bone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4321
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːd/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) bone
  2. skeleton; frame; framework
  3. moral character
  4. (Cantonese, from English quarter) 15 minutes
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. skeleton
  2. bone

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 6784
  • Halpern: 2654
  • Halpern Learners: 1699
  • Heisig: 1288
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 4b6.14
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(hone): a bone.
Kanji in this term
ほね
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

/pone//ɸone//hone/

From Old Japanese. Possibly cognate with Korean (ppyeo, “bone”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ほね, rōmaji hone)

  1. bone
  2. a rib,

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かわら
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

/kapara//kaɸara//kawara/

Probably from Sanskrit कपालः (kapāla, cup, bowl, skull). Cognate with (kawara, tile, particularly for roofing or flooring).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かわら, rōmaji kawara, historical hiragana かはら)

  1. (archaic, rare) a bone, particularly a covering bone such as a skull or kneecap

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
こつ
Grade: 6
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (kwot, bone).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こつ, rōmaji kotsu)

  1. remains, ashes
  2. knack, trick
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (knack, trick): コツ (kotsu)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gol) (hangeul , revised gol, McCune-Reischauer kol, Yale kol)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana くち, romaji kuchi)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くち, romaji kuchi)

  1. remains, ashes

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cốt, cọt, cút, gút)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]