vertebra

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: vértebra, vertebrá, and vèrtebra

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Vertebra

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin vertebra (a joint), from vertō (to turn) +‎ -bra (instrumental nominal suffix). Having multiple vertebrae (plural of vertebra) in one's backbone instead of having a single bone or solid spine, allows for the movement of the body with bends and turns. Hence meaning 1.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vertebra (plural vertebrae or (obsolete) vertebræ or vertebras)

  1. (anatomy) Any of the bony or cartilaginous segments which make up the backbone, consisting in some lower vertebrates of several distinct elements which never become united, and in higher vertebrates having a short more or less cylindrical body whose ends articulate by pads of elastic or cartilaginous tissue with those of adjacent vertebrae and a bony arch that encloses the spinal cord.
    Synonym: (rare) spondyle
    Meronyms: see Thesaurus:vertebra
    Hyponym: anticlinal vertebra
    • 1887, H. Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure[1]:
      Already I seemed to hear the water rippling against the desiccated bones and rattling them together, rolling my skull against Mahomed's, and his against mine, till at last Mahomed's stood straight up upon its vertebræ, and glared at me through its empty eyeholes, and cursed me with its grinning jaws, because I, a dog of a Christian, disturbed the last sleep of a true believer.

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Esperanto[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vertebra (accusative singular vertebran, plural vertebraj, accusative plural vertebrajn)

  1. vertebrate

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Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

vertebra (plural vertebras)

  1. vertebra

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vertebra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vertebra f (plural vertebre)

  1. (anatomy) vertebra

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • vertebra in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From vertō (to turn) +‎ -bra (instrumental nominal suffix). Doublet of vertebrum.

Noun[edit]

vertebra f (genitive vertebrae); first declension

  1. a joint
  2. (anatomy) a joint, vertebra of the spine
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Inflection[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vertebra vertebrae
Genitive vertebrae vertebrārum
Dative vertebrae vertebrīs
Accusative vertebram vertebrās
Ablative vertebrā vertebrīs
Vocative vertebra vertebrae
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

vertebra n

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of vertebrum

References[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin vertebra.

Noun[edit]

vertebra f (genitive singular vertebra, plural vertebraghyn)

  1. (anatomy) vertebra

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Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

vertebra

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of vertebrar.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of vertebrar.
  3. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of vertebrar.