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Borrowed from Latin cartilāginōsus (“full of cartilage, very gristly”), from cartilāgō (“cartilage, gristle”) + -ōsus (“-ous, -ose”); compare French cartilagineux. Equivalent to cartilage + -ous, with modifications made to its morphology.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌkɑː.tɪˈlad͡ʒ.ɪn.əs/
Audio (Southern England) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˌkɑɹ.təˈlæd͡ʒ.ən.əs/
- (anatomy) Comprising soft cartilage rather than bone.
- Related to or resembling cartilage.
- (zoology, of a vertebrate animal) Having a skeleton of cartilage.
- Cartilaginous fish such as the angler fish have a skeletal structure made up of cartilage.
- 1692, John Ray, “Of Formed Stones, Sea-shells, and Other Marine-like Bodies Found at Great Distances from the Shores?”, in Miscellaneous Discourses Concerning the Dissolution and Changes of the World. […], London: […] Samuel Smith, […], →OCLC, page 109:
- [T]here are other Bodies beſides Shells found in the Earth, reſembling the Teeth and Bones of ſome Fiſhes, […] the Vertebres of Thornbacks and other Cartilagineous Fiſhes there found, and ſold for Stones among the Gloſſopetræ, […]
- (mycology) Having a tough or fibrous texture, usually in reference to a mushroom stipe.
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