femur

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See also: Femur, fémur, fèmur, and fêmur

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin femur (thigh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

femur (plural femurs or femora)

  1. (anatomy) A thighbone.
  2. A segment of the leg of an insect or arachnid.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown. The r/n inflection is rather archaic (as also seen in iecur and iter), but no secure Proto-Indo-European origin can be found.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

femur n (genitive feminis or femoris); third declension

  1. thigh
  2. (architecture) the space between the grooves of a triglyph
  3. (figuratively) the loins; capacity to produce children.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.
Case Singular Plural
nominative femur femina
genitive feminis feminum
dative feminī feminibus
accusative femur femina
ablative femine feminibus
vocative femur femina
Third declension neuter.
Case Singular Plural
nominative femur femora
genitive femoris femorum
dative femorī femoribus
accusative femur femora
ablative femore femoribus
vocative femur femora

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fēmur

  1. first-person plural present active subjunctive of for

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  • femur in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • femur in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “femur”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • femur” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)