tibia

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See also: tíbia

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin tībia (shin bone, leg).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tibia (plural tibias or tibiae)

  1. (anatomy) The inner and usually the larger of the two bones of the leg or hind limb below the knee, the shinbone
  2. (entomology) The second segment from the end of an insect's leg, between the femur and tarsus.
  3. (arachnology) The third segment from the end of an arachnid's leg, between the patella and metatarsus.
  4. A musical instrument of the flute kind, originally made of the leg bone of an animal.
    • 1975, Francis M. Collinson, The bagpipe: the history of a musical instrument (page 188)
      The musician on the left is playing the zampogna, a bagpipe with two chanters and two drones. The zampogna is thought to be the bag-provided descendant of the ancient mouth-blown divergent pipes of the Romans, known as the tibia.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for tibia in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin tībia. Compare the inherited doublet tige.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ti.bja/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

tibia m (plural tibias)

  1. shin
  2. tibia, shinbone

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Attested since 1409 (tiva). Borrowed from Latin tībia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tibia f (plural tibias)

  1. (anatomy) tibia, shinbone
  2. (archaic) shin
    • 1409, J. L. Pensado Tomé (ed.), Tratado de Albeitaria. Santiago de Compostela: Centro Ramón Piñeiro, page 97:
      nota que a dita enfirmidade non enpeeçe aos potros mais prestalles porque daqesto engrosam as tiuas por llos homores que se uoluen aas coixas
      note that this sickness is not detrimental for the foals, but it benefits them because the shins swell because of the humors that return to the thighs

References[edit]

  • tiua” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • tibia” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin tībia.

Noun[edit]

tibia f (plural tibie)

  1. (anatomy, zoology) tibia, shinbone
  2. (music) An early wind instrument

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Meaning may have evolved from "stalk, reed pipe" to shinbone, the latter being used by Pliny and later authors; flutes were originally made from shinbones. Possibly connected to Ancient Greek σίφων (síphōn, siphon, tube) reflecting a hypothetical Proto-Indo-European *twi- root, and the irregular forms suggest a non-Indo-European loan or substrate source. There are no solid IE cognates outside of the Greek word.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tībia f (genitive tībiae); first declension

  1. (anatomy) the large shin bone, tibia; leg
  2. (figurative) a pipe, flute (originally of bone)

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative tībia tībiae
Genitive tībiae tībiārum
Dative tībiae tībiīs
Accusative tībiam tībiās
Ablative tībiā tībiīs
Vocative tībia tībiae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: tíbia
  • Catalan: tija
  • English: tibia
  • French: tibia
  • French: tige
  • Italian: tibia
  • Portuguese: tíbia
  • Romanian: tibia
  • Spanish: tibia

References[edit]

  • tibia in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tibia in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tibia in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • tibia in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • instrumental music: nervorum et tibiarum cantus
    • to play the flute: tibias inflare
    • to play the flute: tibiis or tibiā canere
    • to sing to a flute accompaniment: ad tibiam or ad tibicinem canere
  • tibia in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tibia in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • de Vaan, Michiel, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, vol. 7, of Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series, Alexander Lubotsky ed., Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French, Latin tībia.

Noun[edit]

tibia f (plural tibii)

  1. tibia, shinbone

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtibja/, [ˈt̪iβja]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin tepida.

Adjective[edit]

tibia

  1. Feminine singular of adjective tibio.

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin tibia.

Noun[edit]

tibia f (plural tibias)

  1. (anatomy) tibia
Related terms[edit]