incus

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Location of the incus

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin incūs (anvil).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

incus (plural incudes)

  1. (anatomy) A small anvil-shaped bone in the middle ear.
    • 2010, Elaine N. Marieb, Katja Hoehn, Human Anatomy & Physiology, 8th edition, page 576:
      The tympanic cavity is spanned by the three smallest bones in the body: the auditory ossicles [] These bones, named for their shape, are the malleus (malʹe-us; "hammer"); the incus (ingʹkus; "anvil"); and the stapes (staʹpēz; "stirrup").
  2. (meteorology) an accessory cloud, in the shape of an anvil which forms by spreading at the top of a cumulonimbus.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin incūs (anvil).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: in‧cus

Noun[edit]

incus (plural incudes)

  1. (anatomy) incus
    Synonym: aambeeld

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

incus m (plural incus)

  1. (anatomy) incus
    Synonym: enclume

Latin[edit]

incūs (anvil)

Etymology 1[edit]

From incūdō (forge, fabricate), from in- + cūdō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

incūs f (genitive incūdis); third declension

  1. anvil
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative incūs incūdēs
Genitive incūdis incūdum
Dative incūdī incūdibus
Accusative incūdem incūdēs
Ablative incūde incūdibus
Vocative incūs incūdēs
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

New Latin; from Spanish, from Quechua inka (emperor, male of royal blood).

Adjective[edit]

incus (feminine inca, neuter incum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. Incan
Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative incus inca incum incī incae inca
Genitive incī incae incī incōrum incārum incōrum
Dative incō incō incīs
Accusative incum incam incum incōs incās inca
Ablative incō incā incō incīs
Vocative ince inca incum incī incae inca
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • incus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • incus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • incus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • incus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • incus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • incus”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin