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See also: čudo and чудо



Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kūdō, from Proto-Indo-European *kewh₂- (to strike, hew, forge).


cūdō (present infinitive cūdere, perfect active cūdī, supine cūsum); third conjugation

  1. I strike, beat, pound, knock
  2. I stamp, coin (money)
   Conjugation of cūdō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cūdō cūdis cūdit cūdimus cūditis cūdunt
imperfect cūdēbam cūdēbās cūdēbat cūdēbāmus cūdēbātis cūdēbant
future cūdam cūdēs cūdet cūdēmus cūdētis cūdent
perfect cūdī cūdistī cūdit cūdimus cūdistis cūdērunt,
pluperfect cūderam cūderās cūderat cūderāmus cūderātis cūderant
future perfect cūderō cūderis cūderit cūderimus cūderitis cūderint
passive present cūdor cūderis,
cūditur cūdimur cūdiminī cūduntur
imperfect cūdēbar cūdēbāris,
cūdēbātur cūdēbāmur cūdēbāminī cūdēbantur
future cūdar cūdēris,
cūdētur cūdēmur cūdēminī cūdentur
perfect cūsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect cūsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect cūsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cūdam cūdās cūdat cūdāmus cūdātis cūdant
imperfect cūderem cūderēs cūderet cūderēmus cūderētis cūderent
perfect cūderim cūderīs cūderit cūderīmus cūderītis cūderint
pluperfect cūdissem cūdissēs cūdisset cūdissēmus cūdissētis cūdissent
passive present cūdar cūdāris,
cūdātur cūdāmur cūdāminī cūdantur
imperfect cūderer cūderēris,
cūderētur cūderēmur cūderēminī cūderentur
perfect cūsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect cūsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cūde cūdite
future cūditō cūditō cūditōte cūduntō
passive present cūdere cūdiminī
future cūditor cūditor cūduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cūdere cūdisse cūsūrum esse cūdī cūsum esse cūsum īrī
participles cūdēns cūsūrus cūsus cūdendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
cūdendī cūdendō cūdendum cūdendō cūsum cūsū

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown, presumably a loanword. Compare Proto-Germanic *hōdaz (a hood, soft covering for the head) from Proto-Indo-European *kadʰ- (to cover), Persian خود(xud, helmet).


cūdō m (genitive cūdōnis); third declension (dis legomenon)

  1. helmet
    • c. 100 CE, Silius Italicus, Punica 8.493–494:
      spīcula bīna gerunt. capitī cūdōne ferīnō sat cautum.
      They bear two javelins. The head protected sufficiently by an iron helmet.
    • c. 100 CE, Silius Italicus, Punica 16.59–60:
      Scīpiō contorquēns hastam, cūdōne comantīs disiēcit crīnīs.
      Scipio, wielding the spear, drove the long hair asunder from the helmet.

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cūdō cūdōnēs
Genitive cūdōnis cūdōnum
Dative cūdōnī cūdōnibus
Accusative cūdōnem cūdōnēs
Ablative cūdōne cūdōnibus
Vocative cūdō cūdōnēs


  • cudo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cudo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cudo in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • cudo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Ernout, Alfred; Meillet, Antoine (1985), “cudo”, in Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue latine: histoire des mots (in French), with additions and corrections of Jacques André, 4th edition, Paris: Klincksieck, published 2001, page 155
  • cudo”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cudo in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • cudo”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin



Inherited from Proto-Slavic *čudo. The current form is a result of mazuration.


  • IPA(key): /ˈt͡su.dɔ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -udɔ
  • Syllabification: cu‧do


cudo n (diminutive cudeńko)

  1. wonder, marvel (something considered amazing)


Further reading[edit]

  • cudo in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • cudo in Polish dictionaries at PWN