cudo

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See also: čudo

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kūdō, from Proto-Indo-European *kewh₂- (to strike, hew, forge).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

cūdō (present infinitive cūdere, perfect active cūdī, supine cūsum); third conjugation

  1. I strike, beat, pound, knock
  2. I stamp, coin (money)

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of cudo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cūdō cūdis cūdit cūdimus cūditis cūdunt
imperfect cūdēbam cūdēbās cūdēbat cūdēbāmus cūdēbātis cūdēbant
future cūdam cūdēs cūdet cūdēmus cūdētis cūdent
perfect cūdī cūdistī cūdit cūdimus cūdistis cūdērunt, cūdēre
pluperfect cūderam cūderās cūderat cūderāmus cūderātis cūderant
future perfect cūderō cūderis cūderit cūderimus cūderitis cūderint
passive present cūdor cūderis, cūdere cūditur cūdimur cūdiminī cūduntur
imperfect cūdēbar cūdēbāris, cūdēbāre cūdēbātur cūdēbāmur cūdēbāminī cūdēbantur
future cūdar cūdēris, cūdēre cūdētur cūdēmur cūdēminī cūdentur
perfect cūsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect cūsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect cūsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cūdam cūdās cūdat cūdāmus cūdātis cūdant
imperfect cūderem cūderēs cūderet cūderēmus cūderētis cūderent
perfect cūderim cūderīs cūderit cūderīmus cūderītis cūderint
pluperfect cūdissem cūdissēs cūdisset cūdissēmus cūdissētis cūdissent
passive present cūdar cūdāris, cūdāre cūdātur cūdāmur cūdāminī cūdantur
imperfect cūderer cūderēris, cūderēre cūderētur cūderēmur cūderēminī cūderentur
perfect cūsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect cūsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cūde cūdite
future cūditō cūditō cūditōte cūduntō
passive present cūdere cūdiminī
future cūditor cūditor cūduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cūdere cūdisse cūsūrus esse cūdī cūsus esse cūsum īrī
participles cūdēns cūsūrus cūsus cūdendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
cūdere cūdendī cūdendō cūdendum cūsum cūsū

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown, presumably a loanwoard. Compare Proto-Germanic *hōdaz (a hood, soft covering for the head) from Proto-Indo-European *kadʰ- (to cover), Persian خود (xud, helmet).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cūdō m (genitive cūdōnis); third declension (dis legomenon)

  1. helmet
    • c. 100 CE, Silius Italicus, Punica 8.493–494
      spīcula bīna gerunt. capitī cūdōne ferīnō sat cautum.
      They bear two javelins. The head protected sufficiently by an iron helmet.
    • c. 100 CE, Silius Italicus, Punica 16.59–60
      Scīpiō contorquēns hastam, cūdōne comantīs disiēcit crīnīs.
      Scipio, wielding the spear, drove the long hair asunder from the helmet.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cūdō cūdōnēs
genitive cūdōnis cūdōnum
dative cūdōnī cūdōnibus
accusative cūdōnem cūdōnēs
ablative cūdōne cūdōnibus
vocative cūdō cūdōnēs

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *čudo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cudo n (diminutive cudeńko)

  1. wonder, marvel (something considered amazing)

Declension[edit]