頬骨

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょう
Hyōgaiji
こつ
Grade: 6
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
頰骨 (kyūjitai)

/kepukotu//keɸukot͡su//keukot͡su//kjoːkot͡su/

From Middle Chinese compound 頰骨颊骨 (kiep? kwot, literally cheek + bone).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(きょう)(こつ) (kyōkotsuけふこつ (kefukotu)?

  1. cheekbone
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほお
Hyōgaiji
ほね > ぼね
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
頰骨 (kyūjitai)

Compound of (, cheek, jaw) +‎ (hone, bone).[2][1] The hone changes to bone as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ほお)(ぼね) (hōboneほほぼね (fofobone)?

  1. cheekbone
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
つら
Hyōgaiji
ほね > ぼね
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
頰骨 (kyūjitai)

Compound of (tsura, face; cheek) +‎ (hone, bone).[2][1] The hone changes to bone as an instance of rendaku (連濁). The tsura reading for is rare.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(つら)(ぼね) (tsurabone

  1. cheekbone
  2. one's facial features, one's looks
Usage notes[edit]

The cheekbone sense is more commonly expressed with the reading hōbone.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN