頬骨

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょう
Hyōgaiji
こつ
Grade: 6
on’yomi

/kepukotu//keɸukot͡su//keukot͡su//kjoːkot͡su/

From Middle Chinese compound 頰骨 (kiep? kwot, literally cheek + bone).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

頬骨(きょうこつ) (kyōkotsu (kyūjitai 頰骨, historical kana けふこつ)

  1. cheekbone
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほお
Hyōgaiji
ほね > ぼね
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Compound of (, cheek, jaw) +‎ (hone, bone).[2][1] The hone changes to bone as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

頬骨(ほおぼね) (hōbone (kyūjitai 頰骨, historical kana ほほぼね)

  1. cheekbone
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
つら
Hyōgaiji
ほね > ぼね
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Compound of (tsura, face; cheek) +‎ (hone, bone).[2][1] The hone changes to bone as an instance of rendaku (連濁). The tsura reading for is rare.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

頬骨(つらぼね) (tsurabone (kyūjitai 頰骨)

  1. cheekbone
  2. one's facial features, one's looks
Synonyms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The cheekbone sense is more commonly expressed with the reading hōbone.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan