stapes

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English[edit]

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Location of the stapes

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin stapēs (stirrup).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stapes (plural stapes or stapedes)

  1. (anatomy) A small stirrup-shaped bone of the middle ear.
    • 2010, Elaine N. Marieb & Katja Hoehn, Human Anatomy & Physiology, 8th edition, page 576
      The tympanic cavity is spanned by the three smallest bones in the body: the auditory ossicles [] These bones, named for their shape, are the malleus (malʹe-us; "hammer"); the incus (ingʹkus; "anvil"); and the stapes (staʹpēz; "stirrup"). The "handle" of the malleus is secured to the eardrum, and the base of the stapes fits into the oval window.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (bone in the middle ear): stirrup

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

stapes m (plural stapes)

  1. stapes

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

stapēs ferreus (iron stirrup)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Germanic source, possibly Frankish *stap or Old High German stapf, staph (step, stirrup), both from Proto-Germanic *stapiz (a step, rung (of a ladder)). More at step.

Alternatively: Late Latin; possibly from stō (I stand) + pēs (foot).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stapēs m (genitive stapedis); third declension

  1. stirrup
    • De Tribus Columnis Juis Secundum Powissienses, Book II, section xvi, para. 8
      [] [quidam duos stapedes et tres cingulas una cum sella annumerant, alii his singulis pretium legitimum assignant, id est, stapedibus auratis]
      [] some two stirrups and three belts with a chair are paid out, all assigned a single worth, that is, golden stirrups
  2. (anatomy) stapes (bone in the middle ear)

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative stapēs stapedēs
genitive stapedis stapedum
dative stapedī stapedibus
accusative stapedem stapedēs
ablative stapede stapedibus
vocative stapēs stapedēs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “stapes”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • stapes” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • stapes in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016