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From Middle English stirop, stirope, from Old English stiġrāp (“stirrup”), a compound of stiġe ("ascent, descent, a going up or down"; related to stīġan (“to climb”)) and rāp (“rope”), equivalent to sty + rope.
Cognate with Dutch stegereep, stegelreep (“stirrup”), Old Saxon stigerēp (“stirrup”), Middle High German stereip, stegreif ("stirrup"; > German Stegreif (“improvisation”)), Icelandic stigreip (“stirrup”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈstɪɹ.əp/
Audio (RP) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈstɝ.əp/, /ˈstɪɹ.əp/
- Rhymes: -ɪɹəp, -ɜɹəp
stirrup (plural stirrups)
- (equestrianism) A ring or hoop suspended by a rope or strap from the saddle, for a horseman's foot while mounting or riding.
- 1834, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], Francesca Carrara. […], volume III, London: Richard Bentley, […], (successor to Henry Colburn), →OCLC, pages 36–37:
- With what different feelings did he now put foot in stirrup to the last time when he sprung to horse?
- (by extension) Any piece shaped like the stirrup of a saddle, used as a support, clamp, etc.
- 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter II, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
- Sunning himself on the board steps, I saw for the first time Mr. Farquhar Fenelon Cooke. […] A silver snaffle on a heavy leather watch guard which connected the pockets of his corduroy waistcoat, together with a huge gold stirrup in his Ascot tie, sufficiently proclaimed his tastes.
- (anatomy) A stapes.
- (nautical) A rope secured to a yard, with a thimble in its lower end for supporting a footrope.
- For quotations using this term, see Citations:stirrup.
footrest used by riders
stapes — see stapes
stirrup (not comparable)
- Referring to women's pants/trousers: being of a form, commonly worn by women, that includes a strap beneath the arch of the foot.
- English terms inherited from Middle English
- English terms derived from Middle English
- English terms inherited from Old English
- English terms derived from Old English
- English 2-syllable words
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- Rhymes:English/ɪɹəp/2 syllables
- Rhymes:English/ɜɹəp/2 syllables
- English lemmas
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- English terms with quotations
- English adjectives
- English uncomparable adjectives
- en:Horse tack