fibula

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See also: fíbula and fibulă

English[edit]

Jewelled Germanic fibulae (sense 1) from the 5th century.
Location of the fibula (sense 2) in the skeletal structure of the leg.

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin fībula (buckle, clasp, pin). The bone is so named because the shape it makes with the tibia resembles a clasp, the fibula being the pin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fibula (plural fibulae or (obsolete) fibulæ or fibulas)

  1. An ancient kind of brooch used to hold clothing together, similar in function to the modern safety pin.
    • 1949, N. P. Toll, “Fibulae”, in Teresa G. Frisch; N. P. Toll; M[ikhail] I[vanovich] Rostoftzeff; A. R. Bellinger; F. E. Brown; N. P. Toll; C. B. Welles, editors, The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Part IV. The Bronze Objects: Fascicle 1. Pierced Bronzes, Enameled Bronzes, and Fibulae, number Final Report IV, New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press; London: Geoffrey Cumberlege, Oxford University Press, OCLC 1112973378, Bow Fibulae, page 56:
      Most of the fibulae have a triangular molding above the notch, which probably contained wound wire. The crossbar is decorated either with a flat knob or with a Persian merlon.
  2. (anatomy) The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg.
    Synonym: calf bone

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin fībula. Doublet of the inherited fibbia.

Noun[edit]

fibula f (plural fibule)

  1. (anatomy) fibula, calf bone
    Synonym: perone

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Contraction of fīgibula, from fīgō (to fix, fasten, thrust in) +‎ -bula (instrumental nominal suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fībula f (genitive fībulae); first declension

  1. (literally) clasp, buckle, brooch, pin, latchet, brace
  2. (transferred sense) connection, bond, fetter
  3. (surgery)
    1. surgical instrument for drawing together the lips of a wound
    2. stitching needle drawn through the prepuce
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Inflection[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative fībula fībulae
Genitive fībulae fībulārum
Dative fībulae fībulīs
Accusative fībulam fībulās
Ablative fībulā fībulīs
Vocative fībula fībulae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • fibula in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fibula in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fibula in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • fibula in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • fibula in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fibula in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fibula f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of fibulă

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin fibula.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fîbula/
  • Hyphenation: fi‧bu‧la

Noun[edit]

fȉbula f (Cyrillic spelling фи̏була)

  1. (anatomy) fibula, calf bone

Declension[edit]