sternum

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English[edit]

An anterior view of the human sternum (in red).
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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from New Latin sternum, related to Old English steorn (forehead), German Stirn (forehead).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sternum (plural sterna or sternums)

  1. (anatomy) The breastbone, consisting of the manubrium, gladiolus, and xiphoid process. [from 1660]
  2. (arachnology) The sclerotized ventral plate of spiders, between the coxae, marking the floor of the cephalothorax.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

sternum n

  1. sternum, breastbone
    Synonym: hrudní kost

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sternum in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • sternum in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

sternum m (plural sternums)

  1. sternum, breastbone

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek στέρνον (stérnon, breast, chest; breastbone).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sternum n (genitive sternī); second declension (New Latin)

  1. (anatomy) The breastbone.

Inflection[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sternum sterna
Genitive sternī sternōrum
Dative sternō sternīs
Accusative sternum sterna
Ablative sternō sternīs
Vocative sternum sterna

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: estèrnum, estern
  • Czech: sternum
  • English: sternum
  • French: sternum
  • Irish: steirneam