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U+9ECD, 黍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9ECD

[U+9ECC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9ECE]
U+2FC9, ⿉
KANGXI RADICAL MILLET

[U+2FC8]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FCA]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
黍-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 202, +0, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹木人水 (HDOE), four-corner 20132, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #202, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1517, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47991
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2049, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4759, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9ECD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
黍-oracle.svg 黍-bronze.svg 黍-seal.svg 黍-bigseal.svg

Etymology[edit]

Schuessler (2007) minimally reconstructed Old Chinese *nhaʔ and compared it to Tibetan ནས་ (nas, barley). STEDT sets up this provisional root Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nas (Highland barley).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sē̤ - vernacular;
  • sṳ̄ - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • sé/sóe - vernacular;
    • sú - vernacular (俗, Quanzhou);
    • sír/sú/sí - literary.
    Note:
    • su2 - literary;
    • siu2 - vernacular.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕɨʌX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɔX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕiɔX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕɨə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiɔX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭoX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯woX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shǔ
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    syu2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shǔ
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syoX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-tʰaʔ/
    English Panicum miliaceum, glutinous

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11800
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljaʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) (esp. glutinous varieties, but also generic[1])
    2. (dialectal Min Dong, Putian Min) sorghum
    3. (Leizhou Min) corn; maize

    Synonyms[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Francesca Bray, "Millet cultivation in China: a historical survey," Journal d'agriculture traditionnelle et de botanique appliquée, 28(3): 291-307, 1981.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. millet

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: しょ (sho)
    • Kan-on: しょ (sho)
    • Kun: きび (kibi, )

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    きび
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (きび) (kibi

    1. proso millet (Panicum miliaceum)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (seo) (hangeul , revised seo, McCune–Reischauer sŏ, Yale se)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: thử

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.