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U+9ECD, 黍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9ECD

[U+9ECC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9ECE]
U+2FC9, ⿉
KANGXI RADICAL MILLET

[U+2FC8]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FCA]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
黍-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 202, +0, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹木人水 (HDOE), four-corner 20132, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #202, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1517, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47991
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2049, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4759, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9ECD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
黍-oracle.svg 黍-bronze.svg 黍-seal.svg 黍-bigseal.svg

Etymology[edit]

Schuessler (2007) minimally reconstructed Old Chinese *nhaʔ and compared it to Tibetan ནས་ (nas, barley). STEDT sets up this provisional root Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nas (Highland barley).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sé/sóe - vernacular;
  • sú - vernacular (俗, Quanzhou);
  • sír/sú/sí - literary.
Note:
  • su2 - literary;
  • siu2 - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɔX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǔ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ syoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tʰaʔ/
English Panicum miliaceum, glutinous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11800
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) (esp. glutinous varieties, but also generic[1])
  2. (dialectal Min Dong, Putian Min) sorghum
  3. (Leizhou Min) corn; maize

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Francesca Bray, "Millet cultivation in China: a historical survey," Journal d'agriculture traditionnelle et de botanique appliquée, 28(3): 291-307, 1981.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. millet

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: しょ (sho)
  • Kan-on: しょ (sho)
  • Kun: きび (kibi, )

Alternative forms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
きび
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(きび) (kibi

  1. proso millet (Panicum miliaceum)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seo) (hangeul , revised seo, McCune–Reischauer sŏ, Yale se)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thử)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.