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U+9ECD, 黍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9ECD

[U+9ECC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9ECE]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
黍-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 202, +0, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹木人水 (HDOE), four-corner 20132, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #202, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1517, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47991
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2049, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4759, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9ECD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
黍-oracle.svg 黍-bronze.svg 黍-seal.svg 黍-bigseal.svg

Etymology[edit]

Schuessler (2007) minimally reconstructed Old Chinese *nhaʔ and compared it to Tibetan ནས་ (nas, barley). STEDT sets up this provisional root Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nas (Highland barley).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sé/sóe - vernacular;
  • sú - vernacular (俗, Quanzhou);
  • sír/sú/sí - literary.
Note:
  • su2 - literary;
  • siu2 - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɔX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǔ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ syoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tʰaʔ/
English Panicum miliaceum, glutinous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11800
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) (esp. glutinous varieties, but also generic[1])
  2. (dialectal Min Dong, Putian Min) sorghum
  3. (Leizhou Min) corn; maize

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 高粱 (“sorghum”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 高粱, 蜀黍
Mandarin Beijing 高粱
Taiwan 高粱
Harbin 高粱
Shenyang 高粱
Hailar 高粱
Ulanhot 高粱
Tongliao 高粱
Chifeng 高粱
Bayanhot 高粱, 秫秫
Jinan 高粱, 秫秫
Muping 胡秫
Luoyang 高粱, 秫秫, 紅秫秫
Wanrong 䵚黍
Xi'an 䵚黍
Qingdao 胡秫
Zhengzhou 黑秫秫, 秫秫
Xining 高粱
Xuzhou 秫秫, 小秫秫
Yinchuan 秫秫
Lanzhou 秫秫, 高粱
Ürümqi 高粱
Wuhan 高粱
Huanggang 榴粟
Chengdu 高粱
Guiyang 高粱
Liuzhou 高粱
Kunming 高粱
Yangzhou 高粱, 蘆書
Nanjing 高粱
Hefei 秫秫
Nantong 高粱
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 䵚黍, 高粱
Cantonese Guangzhou 高粱粟, 高粱
Hong Kong 高粱粟, 高粱
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 高粱
Yangjiang 高粱粟, 枝勾粟
Danzhou
Gan Nanchang 高粱
Lichuan 高粱
Pingxiang 高粱
Hakka Meixian 高粱粟, 蘆粟, 蘆粟仔
Xingning 羅粟
Qujiang 高粱粟
Changting 高粱粟
Pingyu 高粱粟
Wuping 高粱粟
Liancheng 高粱粟
Ninghua 禾媽
Yudu 高粱粟, 粟子
Ruijin 粟子
Shicheng 高粱粟
Shangyou 粟子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 高粱
Liudui (S. Sixian) 高粱
Hsinchu (Hailu) 高粱
Dongshi (Dabu) 高粱
Hsinchu (Raoping) 高粱
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 高粟
Hong Kong 高粱粟
Senai 高粱粟, 高粱
Huizhou Jixi 蘿穄
Shexian 蘆穄
Tunxi 蘆穄
Xiuning 蘆穄
Yixian 蘆穄
Qimen 蘆穄
Wuyuan 穄粟
Jingde 蘆穄
Xianyu (formerly Zhanda) 蘆穄
Jin Taiyuan 茭子
Pingyao 䵚黍
Xinzhou 茭子
Baochang 高粱
Jining 高粱
Hohhot 茭子
Baotou 高粱
Dongsheng 高粱
Linhe 高粱
Haibowan 高粱
Min Bei Jian'ou 蘆粟, 高粱
Dikou 觀音粟
Songxi 粟仔
Zhenghe 高粱粟
Zhenqian 黍仔
Jianyang 蘆粟
Wuyishan 龍黍
Shibei 蘆粟
Min Dong Fuzhou , 穄黍
Changle
Fuqing 穄黍
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an 扣頭子
Ningde 高粱
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding
Matsu 穄米
Min Nan Xiamen 蘆黍, 番黍
Quanzhou 番黍
Zhangzhou 黍仔
Taipei 番黍, 高粱
Kaohsiung 蘆黍, 番黍, 高粱
Sanxia 番黍
Yilan 番黍
Kinmen 番黍, 蘆黍, 高粱
Magong 蘆黍
Chaozhou 高粱
Johor Bahru 高粱
Wenchang 牛黍
Haikou 高粱
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou 懸跤黍
Pinghua Nanning 高粱
Wu Shanghai 高粱
Suzhou 粟子, 高粱
Wuxi 高粱
Wenzhou 高粱粟, 蓬頭粟
Chongming 高粱
Danyang 高粱
Jinhua 蘆穄
Ningbo 蘆穄
Xiang Changsha 高粱
Shuangfeng 高粱
Loudi 高粱
Dialectal synonyms of 玉米 (“corn; maize”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 玉米, 玉蜀黍
Taxonomic name 玉米, 玉蜀黍
Mandarin Beijing 老玉米, 玉米, 棒子
Taiwan 玉米
Tianjin 玉米, 棒子
Harbin 玉米, 包米
Shenyang 玉米, 包米
Hailar 包米
Ulanhot 包米
Tongliao 包米
Chifeng 玉米, 包米, 棒子
Bayanhot 玉米
Jinan 玉米, 棒子
Muping 棒棒兒, 包兒米, 玉米
Luoyang 棒子, 包穀, 玉蜀黍, 蜀黍, 玉蜀黍兒, 老玉米, 玉米
Wanrong 玉䵚秫, 玉米
Xi'an 玉米, 包穀, 玉麥
Qingdao 玉米, 包米兒, 包米
Zhengzhou 玉蜀黍
Xining 包穀, 包穀棒子
Xuzhou 棒子, 玉秫秫, 大秫秫, 玉米棒子
Yinchuan 玉米
Lanzhou 包穀
Ürümqi 包穀, 包米
Wuhan 包穀, 玉米
Huanggang 玉榴
Chengdu 玉麥, 玉米, 包穀
Guiyang 包穀
Guilin 包穀, 玉米
Liuzhou 玉米, 包穀
Kunming 包穀, 玉麥
Yangzhou 玉蘆書, 棒頭
Nanjing 包蘆, 包穀, 玉蜀黍, 玉米
Hefei 六穀, 玉米
Nantong 玉米
Malaysia 玉米
Singapore 玉米
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 玉米
Masanchin (Shaanxi Dungan) 包米
Cantonese Guangzhou 粟米, 包粟
Hong Kong 粟米, 包粟
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 包粟
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) 粟米
Hong Kong (Ting Kok) 包粟
Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau) 包粟
Macau 粟米
Panyu 粟米
Huadu (Huashan) 粟米
Conghua 粟米
Zengcheng 包粟
Foshan 粟米
Nanhai (Shatou) 粟米
Shunde 粟米
Sanshui 粟米
Gaoming (Mingcheng) 粟米
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 粟米
Zhuhai (Qianshan) 粟米
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 粟米
Doumen 粟米
Jiangmen (Baisha) 粟米
Xinhui 粟米
Taishan 粟米
Kaiping (Chikan) 粟米
Enping (Niujiang) 包粟
Heshan (Yayao) 粟米
Dongguan 包粟, 粟米
Bao'an (Shajing) 包粟
Dapeng 包粟
Shaoguan 包粟
Yunfu 包粟
Yangjiang 珍珠粟
Xinyi 包粟, 飯包粟
Lianjiang 粟米, 包粟
Nanning 玉米, 包粟
Wuzhou 玉米, 包粟
Yulin 包粟
Hepu 包粟
Danzhou 包麥
Kuala Lumpur 包粟, 楂弓
Ho Chi Minh City 粟米, 𥟼
Gan Nanchang 玉米
Lichuan 包粟, 金豆
Pingxiang 包粟
Hakka Meixian 包粟
Xingning 包粟
Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua) 包粟, 包粟米
Huizhou (Shuikou Bendihua) 包粟
Huizhou (Hengli Bendihua) 包粟
Huiyang 包粟
Huidong (Pingshan Bendihua) 包粟
Huidong (Daling) 包粟
Dongguan (Qingxi) 包粟
Longmen (Pingling Bendihua) 包粟
Longmen (Luxi Bendihua) 包粟
Boluo (Bendihua) 包粟
Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 包粟
Zengcheng (Zhengguo) 包粟
Zhongshan (Wuguishan) 包粟
Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 包粟
Wuhua (Shuizhai) 包粟
Wuhua (Huacheng) 包粟
Wuhua (Changbu) 包粟
Wuhua (Mianyang) 包粟
Heyuan (Bendihua) 包粟
Zijin (Guzhu Bendihua) 包粟
Longchuan (Tuocheng Bendihua) 包粟
Longchuan (Sidu Bendihua) 包粟
Heping (Linzhai Bendihua) 包粟
Lianping (Zhongxin Bendihua) 粟米, 包粟
Lianping (Longjie Bendihua) 包粟
Qujiang 包粟
Xinfeng (Matou Bendihua) 包粟
Xinfeng (Daxi Bendihua) 包粟
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 包麥
Liannan 包麥
Conghua (Lütian) 包粟
Jiexi 包粟
Luchuan 包粟
Luchuan (Daqiao) 包粟
Changting 包粟
Pingyu 包粟
Wuping 包粟
Ninghua 包鬚
Yudu 包粟
Ruijin 包粟
Shicheng 包粟
Shangyou 包粟
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 包粟
Liudui (S. Sixian) 包粟
Hsinchu (Hailu) 包粟
Dongshi (Dabu) 包粟
Hsinchu (Raoping) 包粟
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 番麥
Hong Kong 包粟
Sabah (Longchuan) 包粟
Senai 包粟
Singkawang 包粟
Huizhou Jixi 包蘿
Shexian 包蘆
Tunxi 包蘿, 包蘿兒
Xiuning 包蘆
Yixian 包蘆, 金蘆
Qimen 包蘆
Wuyuan 包蘿
Fuliang 玉米
Dexing 包粟
Jingde 包蘆
Xianyu (formerly Zhanda) 包蘆
Jin Taiyuan 玉茭子
Pingyao 玉䵚黍, 玉茭子, 玉茭
Xinzhou 玉茭子
Baochang 棒子
Jining 玉茭茭
Hohhot 玉茭子, 玉米
Baotou 玉茭茭
Dongsheng 玉茭子
Linhe 玉茭子
Haibowan 玉茭子
Min Bei Jian'ou 包蘿, 觀音豆, 觀豆
Dikou 包蘿
Songxi 包蘿
Zhenghe 包蘿
Zhenqian 包蘿
Jianyang 番米
Wuyishan 包黍
Shibei 包蘿
Min Dong Fuzhou 油甜苞
Changle 油甜苞
Fuqing 番黍, 玉秫黍, 油甜苞
Yongtai 油甜苞
Gutian 金豆
Fu'an 番豆
Ningde 番豆
Shouning 包蘿
Zhouning 包蘿
Fuding 番豆
Matsu 包果
Min Nan Xiamen 麥穗, 番麥 dated, 蘆黍 dated
Tong'an 番仔蘆黍
Quanzhou 番大麥, 蘆黍 dated
Jinjiang 番大麥
Yongchun 玉穗
Dehua 玉穗
Zhangzhou 麥穗, 番黍, 番麥 dated, 蘆黍 dated
Longhai 番麥穗
Changtai 番麥
Pinghe 番麥
Zhangpu 麥穗
Yunxiao 番仔麥穗
Zhao'an 番麥
Dongshan 番麥, 玉米
Taipei 番麥
Kaohsiung 番麥
Tainan 番麥
Taichung 番麥
Wuqi 番麥
Hsinchu 番麥
Taitung 番麥
Lukang 番麥
Sanxia 番麥
Yilan 番麥
Kinmen 包果, 番麥
Magong 番仔蘆黍
Penang 惹穬
Singapore 惹穬, 番麥, 番蘆黍
Philippines (Manila) 玉米
Zhangping 番黍
Zhangping (Yongfu) 番黍
Datian 番黍
Pingnan 包粟
Chaozhou 薏米仁
Shantou 幼米仁
Johor Bahru 惹穬
Wenchang 包麥,
Haikou 珍珠米
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian 黍秫
Xianyou 番黍
Pinghua Nanning 玉米
Guilin 玉米
Wu Shanghai 珍珠米, 玉米
Suzhou 御麥, 珍珠米
Wuxi 珍珠米
Hangzhou 六穀, 玉黍, 玉米
Wenzhou 包蘿粟, 糯米粟, 粟麥, 飯糰粟, 珍珠粟
Chongming 大米
Danyang 玉米粟, 珍珠粟
Jinhua 包蘿
Ningbo 六穀
Xiang Changsha 玉米, 包穀
Shuangfeng 包穀, 玉米子
Loudi 玉米子
Quanzhou 包穀

Related terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Francesca Bray, "Millet cultivation in China: a historical survey," Journal d'agriculture traditionnelle et de botanique appliquée, 28(3): 291-307, 1981.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. millet

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: しょ (sho)
  • Kan-on: しょ (sho)
  • Kun: きび (kibi, )

Alternative forms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
きび
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きび, katakana キビ, rōmaji kibi)

  1. proso millet (Panicum miliaceum)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seo) (hangeul , revised seo, McCune–Reischauer sŏ, Yale se)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thử)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.