maize

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See also: maizē

English[edit]

Zea mays (maize, corn)
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Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Spanish maíz, from Taino *mahis, *mahisi, from Proto-Arawakan *marikɨ. Cognate with Arawak marisi, Wayuu maiki.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

maize (uncountable)

  1. Corn; a type of grain of the species Zea mays.
    • 1972, Lytle Robinson, chapter 5, in Edgar Cayceʼs Story of the Origin and Destiny of Man, USA: Berkley Publishing Corporation, page 106:
      A fundamental creative act of American man was the development of maize. For it was maize that made possible and sustained the whole Peruvian civilization as well as Mexican and Central American ones. Exactly where it originated is not known, but corn was found in pre-Mayan graves dating to 3000 B.C.

Synonyms[edit]


Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 maize on Latvian Wikipedia
Maize

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *maiž-, an ablaut variant of *miež- (whence Latvian mieži (barley)), from Proto-Indo-European *meyǵ-, probably from the stem *h₂meh₁- (to cut; to mow) modified into *mey-, and with an added element (whence Proto-Baltic , whence Latvian z). Cognates include Old Prussian mayse (maize, barley) (misspelled as wayse in the 16th-century source), Old Irish maiz- (to sow).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

maize f (5th declension)

  1. bread (foodstuff, baked from wheat, rye, sometimes corn)
    kviešu, rudzu maizewheat, rye bread
    neraudzēta maizeunleavened bread
    maizes klaips, šķēleloaf, slice of bread
    maizes garozabread crust
    maizes zupabread soup
    cept maizito bake bread
    maizes mīklabread dough
    maizes ceptuvebakery (lit. bread baking place)
    maizes veikalsbakery (lit. bread shop)
    maizes krāsnsbread oven
    apziest maizi ar sviestuspread butter on bread
    ēst maizi ar desuto eat bread with sausage
    focaccia ir viena no populārākajām itāļu maizēmfocaccia is one of the most popular Italian breads
  2. bread dough
    mīcīt maizito knead bread
    maize rūgstthe bread (dough) is fermenting
  3. (poetic) cereals, cereal grains, especially rye, wheat
    priecīgākā diena, kad klētī sāk smaržot jaunā maizejoyful day, when the barn starts to smell like new bread (= wheat)
  4. (figuratively) food, nutrition
    viņš var ēst tēva maizi bez kādām rūpēmhe can eat his father's bread without any worries
  5. (figuratively) essential, necessary element
    metāls ir rūpniecības maizemetal is the bread of industry
  6. (figuratively) livelihood, means of supporting oneself; work
    J. Vītols bija atradis darbu un maizi PēterpilīJ. Vītols had found work and bread in Pēterpils (St. Petersburg)
    ja kāds aiziet citā maizē: zinātnieka vai inženiera, vai mākslinieka maizē...if someone goes into another bread (= profession): the scientific or engineering, or the artistic bread (= profession)...

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “maize”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7