кукуруза

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Ukrainian кукуру́(д)з ‎(kukurú(d)z), кукуру́(д)за ‎(kukurú(d)za), Bulgarian кукуру́з ‎(kukurúz), кукума́ра ‎(kukumára), кукура́тка ‎(kukurátka), Serbo-Croatian куку̀руз, Slovenian kukuruza, kukorica, koruza, Polish kukurudza, kukurydza. German Kukuruz was borrowed from Slavic. A difficult word to ascertain the ultimate origin of.

The suggestion of a Slavic origin and a relationship to Serbo-Croatian kukurek ‎(hellebore) and Bulgarian кукуря́к ‎(kukurják, hellebore), Slovenian kukurjav, kukurjast ‎(curled) does not explain the word-form difficulties (-dz-). Compare Bulgarian момору́з ‎(momorúz), моморо́з ‎(momoróz, corn, maize), мамалига ‎(mamaliga, hominy).

If the source were Romanian cucuruz, it should have originally had the meaning of "pine cones".

A noteworthy hypothesis for the source of "kukuru" is a word used for calling poultry for their feeding (with corn/maize).

The explanation that the term is a loanword from Ottoman Turkish قوقوروز ‎(kokoroz), ultimately from Albanian kokërrëz, from kokërr,[1] remains frequently cited, but derivation from Turkic kоkоrоs ‎(corn, maize) was refuted by F. Miklošič and F. E. Korsch.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

кукуру́за ‎(kukurúzaf inan ‎(genitive кукуру́зы, nominative plural кукуру́зы, genitive plural кукуру́з)

  1. corn, maize, Indian corn

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Fasmer, Maks (1964–1973), “кукуруза”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  1. ^ Turkish Etymological Dictionary

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kukurǔːza/
  • Hyphenation: ку‧ку‧ру‧за

Noun[edit]

кукуру́за f ‎(Latin spelling kukurúza)

  1. cornbread

Declension[edit]