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Model of a typical Mediterranean 16th century galley



From Middle English galeie, from Old French galée, from Latin galea, from Medieval Ancient Greek γαλέα ‎(galéa) of unknown origin, probably from Ancient Greek γαλέη ‎(galéē), a kind of a small fish, from γαλεός ‎(galeós, dog-fish or small shark)


galley ‎(plural galleys)

Galley of the Austrian passenger ship S.S. Africa in the Mediterranean Sea about 1905
  1. (nautical) A long, slender ship propelled primarily by oars, whether having masts and sails or not; usually referring to rowed warships used in the Mediterranean from the 16th century until the modern era.
  2. (Britain) A light, open boat used on the Thames by customhouse officers, press gangs, and also for pleasure.
  3. (nautical) One of the small boats carried by a man-of-war.
  4. (nautical) The cookroom or kitchen and cooking apparatus of a vessel or aircraft; sometimes on merchant vessels called the caboose.
  5. An oblong oven or muffle with a battery of retorts; a gallery furnace.
  6. (printing) An oblong tray of wood or brass, with upright sides, for holding type which has been set, or is to be made up, etc.
  7. (printing) A proof sheet taken from type while on a galley; a galley proof.

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