galea

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See also: Galea, gálea, and gàlea

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin galea. Doublet of galley.

Noun[edit]

galea (plural galeae)

  1. A Roman helmet.
    • 1847, “The Wellington Statue”, in The Literary Gazette and Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, &c., London, page 523, column 2:
      The horse was not in the least like a Greek horse (nor even a Trojan), and F.M. the Duke of Wellington was not represented with the ensis or short sword in his grasp, the chlamys flying from his shoulder, or the paludamentum, as more suitable for the cool of the English climate (totidem divisos orbe &c.), the kothornos on his leg, the galea slung at the crupper? no reins, and his naked nether-man, not (as in these precious models) seated on the bare back of the bull-necked, square-jawed, dray-limbed steed.
  2. (botany) A part of a flower or plant that is shaped like a helmet or hood.
  3. (entomology) A mouthpart found in some species of insect; a flap that is part of the maxilla, so-called after the flaps attached to the sides of a Roman helmet.
  4. (surgery) A kind of bandage for the head.
  5. (medicine) A headache extending all over the head.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Byzantine Greek γάλεα (gálea), from γαλέη (galéē, type of shellfish), from Ancient Greek γαλεός (galeós, shark).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡaˈlɛ.a/
  • Rhymes: -ɛa
  • Hyphenation: ga‧lè‧a

Noun[edit]

galea f (plural galee)

  1. (nautical) galley (slender Mediterranean ship propelled primarily by oars and sails)
    Synonym: galera
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin galea.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡa.le.a/
  • Rhymes: -alea
  • Hyphenation: gà‧le‧a

Noun[edit]

galea f (plural galee)

  1. helmet (Roman leather helmet)
    Synonyms: casco, caschetto, elmo, elmetto
Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Latin[edit]

galea Romana

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Ancient Greek γαλέη (galéē, weasel, marten), with a sense development “weasel, marten” → “hide of weasel, marten” → “helmet made of hide,” from Proto-Indo-European *gli- (weasel, mouse), related to Latin glis.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

galea f (genitive galeae); first declension

  1. a helmet.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative galea galeae
Genitive galeae galeārum
Dative galeae galeīs
Accusative galeam galeās
Ablative galeā galeīs
Vocative galea galeae

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Inherited:
    • Old French: jalle (type of large bowl)
    • Sicilian: gaddźa (coxcomb) (Calabria)
  • Borrowed:

References[edit]

  • galea”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • galea”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • galea in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • galea in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to put on one's helmet: galeam induere
  • galea”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • galea in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • galea”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Walther von Wartburg (1928–2002), “galea”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 4: G H I, page 27
  1. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Anagrams[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

galea f (plural galeas)

  1. Obsolete spelling of galera

Further reading[edit]