bake

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See also: Bake and bakę

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English baken, from Old English bacan (to bake), from Proto-Germanic *bakaną (to bake), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₃g- (to roast, bake). Cognate with West Frisian bakke (to bake), Dutch bakken (to bake), Low German backen (to bake), German backen (to bake), Danish bage (to bake), Swedish baka (to bake), Ancient Greek φώγω (phṓgō, roast, verb).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /beɪk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪk

Verb[edit]

bake (third-person singular simple present bakes, present participle baking, simple past baked or (dialectal) book, past participle baked or (dialectal) baken)

  1. (ditransitive or intransitive, with person as subject) To cook (something) in an oven.
    I baked a delicious cherry pie.
    She's been baking all day to prepare for the dinner.
  2. (intransitive, with baked thing as subject) To be cooked in an oven.
    The cake baked at 350°F.
  3. (intransitive) To be warmed to drying and hardening.
    The clay baked in the sun.
  4. (transitive) To dry by heat.
    They baked the electrical parts lightly to remove moisture.
  5. (intransitive, figurative) To be hot.
    It is baking in the greenhouse.
    I'm baking after that workout in the gym.
  6. (transitive, figurative) To cause to be hot.
    • 2008 October, Davy Rothbart, “How I caught up with dad”, in Men's Health, volume 23, number 8, ISSN 1054-4836, page 112:
      My dad told me about his days in the Navy: He'd agreed to be a guinea pig in exchange for a shorter enlistment. [] They baked him in the sun.
  7. (intransitive, slang) To smoke marijuana.
  8. (transitive, obsolete) To harden by cold.
    • 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The Tempest”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii]:
      The earth [] is baked with frost.
    • (Can we date this quote by Edmund Spenser and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      They bake their sides upon the cold, hard stone.
  9. (computer graphics, transitive) To fix (lighting, reflections, etc.) as part of the texture of an object to improve rendering performance.
  10. (figurative, with "in" or "into") To incorporate into something greater.
    • 2014, United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security, Airline Industry Consolidation: Hearing (page 36)
      Disagreements between pilots' unions are baked into the merger cake.
    • 2016, David B. Woolner, ‎John M. Thompson, Progressivism in America: Past, Present and Future (page 100)
      Many of the causes of governmental dysfunction are simply baked into the cake of American politics and will never change.

Usage notes[edit]

In the dialects of northern England, the simple past book and past participle baken are sometimes encountered.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun[edit]

bake (plural bakes)

  1. The act of cooking food by baking.
    • 2015, Patricia Grace, Chappy, →ISBN:
      Taking one of her cakes or a tray of biscuits from the oven always gives her satisfaction and a moment of pride; that is, of course, unless there happens to be some little element that doesn't please her with the bake.
  2. (especially Britain, Australia, New Zealand) Any of various baked dishes resembling casserole.
    • 2009, Dictionary of Food: International Food and Cooking Terms from A to Z →ISBN:
      A fish bake made with cod chunks, sliced parboiled potatoes, []
    • 2009, Rosalind Peters, Kate Pankhurst, Clive Boursnell, Midnight Feast Magic: Sleepover Fun and Food
      If you happen to have small, heat-proof glass or ceramic pots in your kitchen (known as ramekins) then you can make this very easy pasta bake in fun-size, individual portions.
  3. (US) A social event at which food (such as seafood) is baked, or at which baked food is served.
    • 1904, Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology:
      The central episode is the temporary burial of the novitiate; a shallow pit is excavated, and in this a fire is made, as for a fish bake; []
    • 1939, The American Photo-engraver, volume 31, page 289:
      I am about to launch a scheme for our local to invest a few dollars in a spot where the boys will know where to find company and pass a few hours or a week-end out in the fresh air and partake of shrimp bakes or fish fries and so forget the on-creeping years.
    • 2006, Jeffery P. Sandman, ‎Peter R. Sandman, Soaring and Gliding: The Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Area:
      [] also featured a fish bake, a dance, and a beach party[.]
  4. (Barbados, sometimes US and UK) A small, flat (or ball-shaped) cake of dough eaten in Barbados and sometimes elsewhere, similar in appearance and ingredients to a pancake but fried (or in some places sometimes roasted).
  5. Any item that is baked.
    • 2016, Annie Rigg, Great British Bake Off: Children's Party Cakes & Bakes:
      Baking parchment should not be confused with greaseproof paper — the former has a non-stick coating and will ensure that your bakes lift out of the tin or off the baking sheets easily, the latter will have the opposite effect!

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Basque[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin pax, pace.

Noun[edit]

bake inan

  1. peace
  2. tranquillity, serenity
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

bake

  1. Infinitive of baketu.

Further reading[edit]

  • bake in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • bake in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown; see bakke for more.

Noun[edit]

bake (plural bakes)

  1. Alternative form of bakke (bat)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old English bacan.

Verb[edit]

bake

  1. Alternative form of baken (to bake)

Etymology 3[edit]

From baken, the past participle of the above verb.

Noun[edit]

bake

  1. Alternative form of baken (meal involving pastry)

Etymology 4[edit]

From Old English bæc.

Noun[edit]

bake

  1. Alternative form of bak

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse baka

Verb[edit]

bake (imperative bak, present tense baker, passive bakes, simple past bakte, past participle bakt)

  1. to bake (something)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse baka

Verb[edit]

bake (present tense bakar or baker, past tense baka or bakte, past participle baka or bakt, passive infinitive bakast, present participle bakande, imperative bak)

  1. to bake (something)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

bake (Cyrillic spelling баке)

  1. inflection of baka:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative/accusative/vocative plural