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From Proto-Italic *torzeō, from Proto-Indo-European *torséyeti, causative from the root *ters- (dry). The fourth principal part tostum is for *torstum.



torreō (present infinitive torrēre, perfect active torruī, supine tostum); second conjugation

  1. I scorch, burn, parch.
  2. I roast; bake.
  3. (of the cold) I nip, pinch.


   Conjugation of torreō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torreō torrēs torret torrēmus torrētis torrent
imperfect torrēbam torrēbās torrēbat torrēbāmus torrēbātis torrēbant
future torrēbō torrēbis torrēbit torrēbimus torrēbitis torrēbunt
perfect torruī torruistī torruit torruimus torruistis torruērunt, torruēre
pluperfect torrueram torruerās torruerat torruerāmus torruerātis torruerant
future perfect torruerō torrueris torruerit torruerimus torrueritis torruerint
passive present torreor torrēris, torrēre torrētur torrēmur torrēminī torrentur
imperfect torrēbar torrēbāris, torrēbāre torrēbātur torrēbāmur torrēbāminī torrēbantur
future torrēbor torrēberis, torrēbere torrēbitur torrēbimur torrēbiminī torrēbuntur
perfect tostus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect tostus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect tostus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torream torreās torreat torreāmus torreātis torreant
imperfect torrērem torrērēs torrēret torrērēmus torrērētis torrērent
perfect torruerim torruerīs torruerit torruerīmus torruerītis torruerint
pluperfect torruissem torruissēs torruisset torruissēmus torruissētis torruissent
passive present torrear torreāris, torreāre torreātur torreāmur torreāminī torreantur
imperfect torrērer torrērēris, torrērēre torrērētur torrērēmur torrērēminī torrērentur
perfect tostus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect tostus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torrē torrēte
future torrētō torrētō torrētōte torrentō
passive present torrēre torrēminī
future torrētor torrētor torrentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives torrēre torruisse tostūrum esse torrērī tostum esse tostum īrī
participles torrēns tostūrus tostus torrendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
torrendī torrendō torrendum torrendō tostum tostū


  • While *torstum is almost certainly *tŏrstum with a short vowel, the vowel of tostum is less understood; whether it is tŏstum or tōstum is properly unknown.


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Asturian: turrar
  • Catalan: torrar
  • English: toast
  • Galician: torrar
  • Spanish: torrar
  • Portuguese: torrar