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From Proto-Italic *torzeō, from Proto-Indo-European *torséyeti, causative from the root *ters- (dry). The fourth principal part tostum is for *torstum.



torreō (present infinitive torrēre, perfect active torruī, supine tō̆stum); second conjugation

  1. I scorch, burn, parch.
  2. I roast, bake.
  3. (of the cold) I nip, pinch.


   Conjugation of torreō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torreō torrēs torret torrēmus torrētis torrent
imperfect torrēbam torrēbās torrēbat torrēbāmus torrēbātis torrēbant
future torrēbō torrēbis torrēbit torrēbimus torrēbitis torrēbunt
perfect torruī torruistī torruit torruimus torruistis torruērunt,
pluperfect torrueram torruerās torruerat torruerāmus torruerātis torruerant
future perfect torruerō torrueris torruerit torruerimus torrueritis torruerint
passive present torreor torrēris,
torrētur torrēmur torrēminī torrentur
imperfect torrēbar torrēbāris,
torrēbātur torrēbāmur torrēbāminī torrēbantur
future torrēbor torrēberis,
torrēbitur torrēbimur torrēbiminī torrēbuntur
perfect tō̆stus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect tō̆stus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect tō̆stus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torream torreās torreat torreāmus torreātis torreant
imperfect torrērem torrērēs torrēret torrērēmus torrērētis torrērent
perfect torruerim torruerīs torruerit torruerīmus torruerītis torruerint
pluperfect torruissem torruissēs torruisset torruissēmus torruissētis torruissent
passive present torrear torreāris,
torreātur torreāmur torreāminī torreantur
imperfect torrērer torrērēris,
torrērētur torrērēmur torrērēminī torrērentur
perfect tō̆stus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect tō̆stus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present torrē torrēte
future torrētō torrētō torrētōte torrentō
passive present torrēre torrēminī
future torrētor torrētor torrentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives torrēre torruisse tō̆stūrum esse torrērī tō̆stum esse tō̆stum īrī
participles torrēns tō̆stūrus tō̆stus torrendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
torrendī torrendō torrendum torrendō tō̆stum tō̆stū

Usage notes[edit]

  • While *torstum is almost certainly *tŏrstum with a short vowel, the vowel of tostum is less understood; whether it is tŏstum or tōstum is properly unknown.


Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Asturian: turrar
  • Catalan: torrar
  • English: toast
  • Galician: torrar
  • Sicilian: atturrari
  • Spanish: torrar
  • Portuguese: torrar


  • torreo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • torreo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • torreo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be dried up by the sun's heat: ardore solis torreri