cept

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See also: CEPT and 'cept

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally derived from Proto-Baltic *pek- (metathesized to *kep-), from Proto-Indo-European *pekʷ- (to roast, to cook), from earlier *h₃-ép-kʷ-, *h₃p-ékʷ-. Karulis would rather see *pekʷ- as a metathesis of PIE date of a root *kep-, *kʷep- (to smoke, to cook), formed analogically from *tep- (to be hot, to heat up) on the model of *kel-, *tel- (to build). Cognates include Lithuanian kèpti, Old Church Slavonic пещи (pešti), пекѫ (pekǫ, 1 sg. pres.), Russian печь (pečʹ), пеку́ (pekú), Belarusian пекці́ (pjekcí), Ukrainian печи́ (pečý), пекти́ (pektý), Bulgarian пека́ (peká, 1st sg. pres.), Czech péci, Polish piec, Sanskrit पचति (pácati, to roast, to bake, to cook, to boil), Ancient Greek πέσσω (péssō, to bake, to cook, to boil) (from *pekʷye-), Latin coquō (to cook, to roast, to dry), Tocharian A, Tocharian B pāk- (to cook, to boil).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Verb[edit]

cept tr., 1st conj., pres. cepu, cep, cep, past cepu

  1. to fry (to cook in hot fat, often one side and then the other)
    cept gaļas šķēles uz pannasto fry meat slices on a (frying) pan
    cept kotletes, pankūkasto fry meatballs, pancakes
    cepts speķisfried bacon
    ceptas olasfried eggs
    kundze pannā izkausēja krietnu margarīna piku un cepa līdakuthe lady melted a big slab of butter on the pan and fried the pike (fish)
  2. to roast, to broil, to grill, to bake (to cook, usually without fat, with heat coming equally from all sides)
    cept gaļuto roast meat
    cept maizito bake bread
    cept šašliku, desiņas uz iesmato broil meat, sausages on a spit
    cept sacepumu cepeškrāsnīto bake a pie in the oven
    Oliņu tēvs darīja alu, un Oliņu māte cepa raušusFather Oliņš brewed beer, and mother Oliņa baked the cakes
    Mare pašlaik cepa iesmā uzdurtu gaļas gabaluMare is now broiling a piece of meat on a spit

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

prefixed verbs:
other derived terms:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “cept”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN