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From Proto-Italic *kʷekʷō, from *pekʷ-oh₁ by p-kʷ assimilation (compare quīnque, from *pénkʷe), from Proto-Indo-European *pekʷ- (to cook, become ripe).

Cognates include Sanskrit पचति (pácati), Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬗𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌(pačaiti), Ancient Greek πέσσω (péssō), Tocharian B päk-, and Albanian pjek.




  1. dative singular of coquus
  2. ablative singular of coquus


coquō (present infinitive coquere, perfect active coxī, supine coctum); third conjugation

  1. (transitive) I cook; I prepare food.
  2. (transitive) I ripen.
  3. (transitive) I roast, I dry.


   Conjugation of coquo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coquō coquis coquit coquimus coquitis coquunt
imperfect coquēbam coquēbās coquēbat coquēbāmus coquēbātis coquēbant
future coquam coquēs coquet coquēmus coquētis coquent
perfect coxī coxistī coxit coximus coxistis coxērunt, coxēre
pluperfect coxeram coxerās coxerat coxerāmus coxerātis coxerant
future perfect coxerō coxeris coxerit coxerimus coxeritis coxerint
passive present coquor coqueris, coquere coquitur coquimur coquiminī coquuntur
imperfect coquēbar coquēbāris, coquēbāre coquēbātur coquēbāmur coquēbāminī coquēbantur
future coquar coquēris, coquēre coquētur coquēmur coquēminī coquentur
perfect coctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect coctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect coctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coquam coquās coquat coquāmus coquātis coquant
imperfect coquerem coquerēs coqueret coquerēmus coquerētis coquerent
perfect coxerim coxerīs coxerit coxerimus coxeritis coxerint
pluperfect coxissem coxissēs coxisset coxissēmus coxissētis coxissent
passive present coquar coquāris, coquāre coquātur coquāmur coquāminī coquantur
imperfect coquerer coquerēris, coquerēre coquerētur coquerēmur coquerēminī coquerentur
perfect coctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect coctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coque coquite
future coquitō coquitō coquitōte coquuntō
passive present coquere coquiminī
future coquitor coquitor coquuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives coquere coxisse coctūrus esse coquī coctus esse coctum īrī
participles coquēns coctūrus coctus coquendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
coquere coquendī coquendō coquendum coctum coctū

Derived terms[edit]