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Etymology 1[edit]

From earlier *quoquō, from Proto-Italic *kʷekʷō, from Proto-Indo-European *pékʷeti by /*p - */ assimilation (compare quīnque, from *pénkʷe), from *pekʷ- (to cook, become ripe). Cognate with Sanskrit पचति (pácati), Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬗𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (pacaiti), Ancient Greek πέσσω (péssō), Tocharian B päk-, Proto-Slavic *peťi, Albanian pjek.

Alternative forms[edit]


coquō (present infinitive coquere, perfect active coxī, supine coctum); third conjugation

  1. (transitive) to cook; prepare food
  2. (transitive) to ripen
  3. (transitive) to roast, dry
   Conjugation of coquō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coquō coquis coquit coquimus coquitis coquunt
imperfect coquēbam coquēbās coquēbat coquēbāmus coquēbātis coquēbant
future coquam coquēs coquet coquēmus coquētis coquent
perfect coxī coxistī coxit coximus coxistis coxērunt,
pluperfect coxeram coxerās coxerat coxerāmus coxerātis coxerant
future perfect coxerō coxeris coxerit coxerimus coxeritis coxerint
passive present coquor coqueris,
coquitur coquimur coquiminī coquuntur
imperfect coquēbar coquēbāris,
coquēbātur coquēbāmur coquēbāminī coquēbantur
future coquar coquēris,
coquētur coquēmur coquēminī coquentur
perfect coctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect coctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect coctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coquam coquās coquat coquāmus coquātis coquant
imperfect coquerem coquerēs coqueret coquerēmus coquerētis coquerent
perfect coxerim coxerīs coxerit coxerīmus coxerītis coxerint
pluperfect coxissem coxissēs coxisset coxissēmus coxissētis coxissent
passive present coquar coquāris,
coquātur coquāmur coquāminī coquantur
imperfect coquerer coquerēris,
coquerētur coquerēmur coquerēminī coquerentur
perfect coctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect coctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coque coquite
future coquitō coquitō coquitōte coquuntō
passive present coquere coquiminī
future coquitor coquitor coquuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives coquere coxisse coctūrum esse coquī coctum esse coctum īrī
participles coquēns coctūrus coctus coquendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
coquendī coquendō coquendum coquendō coctum coctū
Derived terms[edit]

(See also cocō.)

  • Old French: cuire

Etymology 2[edit]



  1. dative/ablative singular of coquus


  • coquo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • coquo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • coquo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.