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Latin cardinal numbers
 <  IV V VI  > 
    Cardinal : quinque
    Ordinal : quintus
    Adverbial : quinquiēs
    Multiplier : quinquiplex
    Distributive : quīnī
Latin Wikipedia article on quinque

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Symbol: V


From Proto-Italic [Term?], from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe (compare the Italic *kʷ-kʷ, from *p-kʷ shift, also found in words like coquō; compare proto-Celtic *kʷinkʷe). Cognates include Sanskrit पञ्चन् ‎(páñcan), Ancient Greek πέντε ‎(pénte), Old Armenian հինգ ‎(hing) and Old English fīf (English five).



quinque ‎(indeclinable)

  1. (cardinal) five; 5
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 6.439–440
      Iam tempora Titan quinque per autumnos repetiti duxerat anni
      Now Titan had led time through five autumn seasons
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Lucas.9.16
      acceptis autem quinque panibus et duobus piscibus respexit in caelum et benedixit illis et fregit et distribuit discipulis suis ut ponerent ante turbas
      Then he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them, and brake, and gave to the disciples to set before the multitude.


  • Vulgar Latin: *cinque (see there for further descendants)

See also[edit]


  • quinque” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • quinque” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I have not seen you for five years: quinque anni sunt or sextus annus est, cum te non vidi
    • he has been absent five years: quinque annos or sextum (iam) annum abest
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press