quincunx

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin quīncunx.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

quincunx (plural quincunxes or quincunces)

  1. An arrangement of five units in a pattern corresponding to the five-spot on dice, playing cards, or dominoes.
  2. (astrology) An angle of five-twelfths of a circle, or 150°, between two objects. [from 1647]
  3. (historical, numismatics) A bronze coin minted during the Roman Republic, valued at five-twelfths of an as. [from 1545]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

quīnque +‎ uncia

Pronunciation[edit]

Because of Osthoff's Law, the length of the vowel in the second syllable is uncertain; see the note at uncia.

Noun[edit]

quīncū̆nx m (genitive quīncū̆ncis); third declension

  1. five twelfths
  2. the five on a die

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative quīncū̆nx quīncū̆ncēs
Genitive quīncū̆ncis quīncū̆ncium
Dative quīncū̆ncī quīncū̆ncibus
Accusative quīncū̆ncem quīncū̆ncēs
quīncū̆ncīs
Ablative quīncū̆nce quīncū̆ncibus
Vocative quīncū̆nx quīncū̆ncēs

Descendants[edit]

  • English: quincunx
  • French: quinconce
  • German: Quinkunx
  • Spanish: quincunce

References[edit]

  • quincunx in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • quincunx in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • quincunx in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • 5 per cent: quincunx (Pers. 5. 149)
    • 5 per cent: quincunces usurae
  • quincunx in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • quincunx in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ Sayeed, Ollie (01 Jan 2017) "Osthoff’s Law in Latin", in Indo-European Linguistics, Volume 5, Issue 1, page 156