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From Middle English *ripenen (suggested by deverbal ripening (causing ripness; ripening)), equivalent to ripe +‎ -en (verbal suffix).



ripen (third-person singular simple present ripens, present participle ripening, simple past and past participle ripened)

  1. (intransitive) to grow ripe; to become mature (said of grain, fruit, flowers etc.)
    Grapes ripen in the sun.
    • 1918, John Muir, Steep Trails Chapter XII
      [] the desert soil of the Great Basin is as rich in the elements that in rainy regions rise and ripen into food as that of any other State in the Union.
  2. (intransitive) To approach or come to perfection.
  3. (transitive) To cause to mature; to make ripe
    The warm sun ripened the corn.
  4. (transitive) To mature; to fit or prepare; to bring to perfection
    ripen the judgment
    When faith and love, which parted from thee never, Had ripined thy iust soul to dwell with God. - John Milton.

Derived terms[edit]