ablaut

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See also: Ablaut

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Ablaut (sound gradation), which is from ab- or ab (down, off), + Laut (sound).[1] Ab is used here in the sense of “deviating, varying” as in Abgott (god other than the true God), Abart (different sort, variety, anomality).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈɑbˌlaʊt/, /ˈɑpˌlaʊt/, /ˈæbˌlaʊt/

Noun[edit]

ablaut (countable and uncountable, plural ablauts)

  1. (linguistics) The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as, get and got; sing and song; hang and hung, distinct from the phonetic influence of a succeeding vowel. [Mid 19th century.][2]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

ablaut (third-person singular simple present ablauts, present participle ablauting, simple past and past participle ablauted)

  1. (intransitive, linguistics, of a vowel-containing linguistic component) To undergo a change of vowel.
    • 1983, Stephanie W. Jamison, Function and Form in the -áya-formations of the Rig Veda and ..., page 209:
      This root must once have ablauted, given the associated nominal derivatives prthii- 'broad', prthivl- 'earth'. However, it does not ablaut at all in its verbal forms.
    • 1985, Michael E. Krauss, Yupik Eskimo prosodic systems: descriptive and comparative studies, page 241:
      What we find is that one cannot predict which members of V a given member of E will cause to ablaut
    • 2006, Felix K. Ameka, Alan Charles Dench, Nicholas Evans, Catching language: the standing challenge of grammar writing, page 536:
      It is these co-opted verbs that tend to ablaut variably in the different Dakotan dialects and that forced morphological restructuring
    • 2012, Bernard Comrie, Zarina Estrada Fernández, Relative Clauses in Languages of the Americas: A Typological Overview, page 219:
      This allomorph also causes the back vowel to ablaut to a low vowel.
  2. (transitive, linguistics) To cause to change a vowel.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, William, editor (1969) The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, New York, NY: American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc., published 1971, →ISBN, page 3
  2. ^ Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], →ISBN), page 5

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑblɑu̯t/, [ˈɑblɑu̯t̪]
  • Hyphenation: ab‧laut

Noun[edit]

ablaut

  1. (linguistics) ablaut

Declension[edit]

Inflection of ablaut (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative ablaut ablautit
genitive ablautin ablautien
partitive ablautia ablauteja
illative ablautiin ablauteihin
singular plural
nominative ablaut ablautit
accusative nom. ablaut ablautit
gen. ablautin
genitive ablautin ablautien
partitive ablautia ablauteja
inessive ablautissa ablauteissa
elative ablautista ablauteista
illative ablautiin ablauteihin
adessive ablautilla ablauteilla
ablative ablautilta ablauteilta
allative ablautille ablauteille
essive ablautina ablauteina
translative ablautiksi ablauteiksi
instructive ablautein
abessive ablautitta ablauteitta
comitative ablauteineen

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

ablaut m (plural ablauts)

  1. (linguistics) ablaut (substitution of one root vowel for another)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Ablaut.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

àblaut m (Cyrillic spelling а̀блаут)

  1. (linguistics) ablaut (substitution of one root vowel for another)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]