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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷil): semantic  ‎(grass, plant) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kʷilʔ) – a kind of plant.

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿弓人大 (TNOK), four-corner 44430, composition)

  1. sunflower
  2. measure

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1046, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31458
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1507, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3258, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+8475

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (30)
Final: (16)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: kuí
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɡiuɪ/ /ɡʷi/ /ɡjuɪ/ /gwi/ /ɡui/ /ɡwi/ /gwi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kuí ‹ gjwij › /*ɡʷij/ mallow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4646 1 /*ɡʷil/

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
あおい
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あおい, romaji aoi, historical hiragana あふひ)

  1. hollyhock

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あおい, romaji Aoi)

  1. A male or female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyu) (hangeul , revised gyu, McCune-Reischauer kyu, Yale kyu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quỳ)

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