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U+8475, 葵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8475

[U+8474]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8476]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿弓人大 (TNOK), four-corner 44430, composition)


References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1046, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31458
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1507, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3258, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+8475

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰʷiːl
*kʰʷiːl, *kʷilʔ, *ɡʷilʔ, *kʰʷiːd
*kʰʷiː
*kʰʷiːl
*kʷilʔ
*ɡʷil
*ɡʷil
*ɡʷil, *ɡʷilʔ
*ɡʷril
*ɡʷril
*ɡʷril, *kʷiːd
*ɡʷilʔ
*ɡʷils
*kʰʷiːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷil): semantic  (grass, plant) + phonetic  (OC *kʷilʔ) – a kind of plant.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kûi/khûi - literary;
  • khêr/khê/khôe/kôe - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (16)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡiuɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡʷi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡjuɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gwi/
Li
Rong
/ɡui/
Wang
Li
/ɡwi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gwi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuí
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kuí
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjwij ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷij/
English mallow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4646
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷil/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. name of several plants
    1. Short for 冬葵 (“Malva verticillata (syn. Malva crispa)”).
    2. Short for 蒲葵 (púkuí, “Livistona chinensis”).
    3. Short for 落葵 (luòkuí, “Basella alba”).
    4. Short for 向日葵 (xiàngrìkuí, “sunflower”).
  2. Alternative form of (kuí).
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
あおい
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あおい, rōmaji aoi, historical hiragana あふひ)

  1. hollyhock

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana あおい, rōmaji Aoi)

  1. A male or female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyu) (hangeul , revised gyu, McCune-Reischauer kyu, Yale kyu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quỳ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.