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U+9ECE, 黎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9ECE

[U+9ECD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9ECF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 202 +3, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹人水 (HHOE), four-corner 27132, composition𥝢𠆢)

  1. used as a surname
  2. numerous, many
  3. black
  4. used to indicate the Li people of Hainan Province, China

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1517, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47994
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2049, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4759, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9ECE

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*riːl, *ril
*riːl
*riːl, *r'il, *r'i
*riːl
*riːl, *ril
*riːl, *ri
*riːl, *ril
*riːl
*riːl
*riːl
*rel
*ril
*ril
*ril
*ril
*ril
*rids
*rids
*riːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *riːl): semantic (millet) + phonetic (OC *rids).

Etymology[edit]

Probably cognate with and .

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lei/
Pan
Wuyun
/lei/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛj/
Li
Rong
/lei/
Wang
Li
/liei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lej › ‹ lej ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˤij/ (Cf. 耆 0552l ɡij < *[ɡ]rij ‘old’) /*[r]ˤij/
English old black

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7880
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*riːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (only in compound, no longer productive) the color of earth, between brown and black.
      ―  míng  ―  dawn
  2. (only in compound, no longer productive) numerous, crowded.
      ―  mín  ―  common people

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. black, bluish black
  2. gloomy, dusky
  3. used to indicate the Li people of Hainan Province, China

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ryeo>yeo) (hangeul >, revised ryeo>yeo, McCune-Reischauer ryŏ>yŏ, Yale lye>ye)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, )

  1. spelt as , the fourth most common surname among ethnic Vietnamese.