Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
深-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljum, *hljums): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  ‎(OC *srum) – deep water. 穼 subsequently simplified to .

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 水月金木 (EBCD), four-corner 37194, composition)

  1. deep
  2. depth
  3. far
  4. very, extreme

Related characters[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 632, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17687
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1034, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1662, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6DF1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “is there any relation to ?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂən⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʂən²¹/
/sən²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʃə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Xi'an /ʂẽ²¹/
Xining /ʂə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʂɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂən³¹/
Hefei /ʂən²¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /səŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʂəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /səŋ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sen³³/
Wenzhou /saŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /ɕian¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən³³/
Xiangtan /ʂən³³/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰəm⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃʰem²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐm⁵³/
Nanning /sɐm⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɐm⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sim⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰim⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sim²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (26)
Final: (139)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shēn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiɪm/ /ɕim/ /ɕjem/ /ɕim/ /ɕiəm/ /ɕĭĕm/ /ɕi̯əm/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (26)
Final: (139)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shèn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiɪmH/ /ɕimH/ /ɕjemH/ /ɕimH/ /ɕiəmH/ /ɕĭĕmH/ /ɕi̯əmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shēn ‹ syim › /*[l̥][ə]m/ deep
shēn ‹ syimH › /*[l̥][ə]m-s/ depth

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11255 3 /*hljum/
11256 3 /*hljums/

Adjective[edit]

  1. deep
  2. (of time) long
  3. (of colors) deep

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (color: deep): (nóng)

Noun[edit]

  1. depth

Adverb[edit]

  1. very; extremely

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. deep, close, thick, profound

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sim) (hangeul , revised sim, McCune-Reischauer sim, Yale sim)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thâm, thăm, thum, thẫm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.