||furrow in field, small drainage
Originally as 深圳墟 (“Shenzhen Market”) and referred to a market town located in present-day Dongmen, Luohu District, Shenzhen. The name is first attested in Gazetteer of Xin'an County (新安縣志) .
In 1979, Bao'an County (寶安縣/宝安县) of Guangdong was renamed and changed to Shenzhen City (深圳市).
- (～市) Shenzhen (a subprovincial city in Guangdong, China)
- (～鎮) (historical) Shenzhen (a former town in Bao'an county, Guangdong, China)
The spelling is borrowed from Chinese. Sen is not an expected on-reading of 圳 and may derive from 川's on-reading of sen, which serves as a kan'yoon reading.
Also, the character "圳" isn't included in the first Japanese encoding system (due to its inclusion in the JIS X 0213 encoding), so the city name is commonly written as 深セン.
深圳 • (Shinsen)
- Shenzhen (a major sub-provincial city in Guangdong, in southeastern China)
深圳 • (Simcheon) (hangeul 심천)
- Hanja form? of 심천 (“Shenzhen”).
- chữ Hán form of Thâm Quyến (“Shenzhen”).