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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(hand) +  ‎(deep) – to grope by hand in a deep cave. 穼 later simplified to .

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手月金木 (QBCD), four-corner 57094, composition)

  1. find, locate
  2. search, grope for

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 438, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12276
  • Dae Jaweon: page 788, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1907, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+63A2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰəm/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰəm/
Li
Rong
/tʰᴀm/
Wang
Li
/tʰɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰăm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tān
Middle
Chinese
‹ thom ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤ[ə]m/
English put the hand into and test

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11249 11250
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰuːm/ /*l̥ʰuːms/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(tam) (hangeul , revised tam, McCune-Reischauer t'am, Yale tham)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thám, phăm, thăm, thớm, xăm, xom, tham)

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