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TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(hand) +  ‎(deep) – to grope by hand in a deep cave. 穼 later simplified to .

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手月金木 (QBCD), four-corner 57094, composition)

  1. find, locate
  2. search, grope for

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 438, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12276
  • Dae Jaweon: page 788, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1907, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+63A2

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (探), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 覃
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 他含切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰʌm/ /tʰăm/ /tʰᴀm/ /tʰəm/ /tʰəm/ /tʰɒm/ /tʰɒm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tān ‹ thom › /*l̥ ˤ[ə]m/ put the hand into and test

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11249 3 /*l̥ʰuːm/
11250 3 /*l̥ʰuːms/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(tam) (hangeul , revised tam, McCune-Reischauer t'am, Yale tham)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thám, phăm, thăm, thớm, xăm, xom, tham)

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