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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(hand) +  ‎(deep) – to grope by hand in a deep cave. 穼 later simplified to .

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手月金木 (QBCD), four-corner 57094, composition)

  1. find, locate
  2. search, grope for

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 438, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12276
  • Dae Jaweon: page 788, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1907, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+63A2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (6)
Final: (159)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: tān
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰʌm/ /tʰəm/ /tʰɒm/ /tʰəm/ /tʰᴀm/ /tʰɒm/ /tʰăm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tān ‹ thom › /*l̥ˤ[ə]m/ put the hand into and test

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11249 3 /*l̥ʰuːm/
11250 3 /*l̥ʰuːms/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(tam) (hangeul , revised tam, McCune-Reischauer t'am, Yale tham)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thám, phăm, thăm, thớm, xăm, xom, tham)

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