深刻

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Chinese[edit]

deep; profound
 
quarter (hour); (a measure word); to carve
quarter (hour); (a measure word); to carve; to engrave; to cut; oppressive
trad. (深刻)
simp. #(深刻)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (26) (29)
Final () (139) (131)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiɪm/ /kʰək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕim/ /kʰək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjem/ /kʰək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕim/ /kʰək̚/
Li
Rong
/ɕiəm/ /kʰək̚/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭĕm/ /kʰək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯əm/ /kʰək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shēn ke
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sam1 hak1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ syim › ‹ khok ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l̥][ə]m/ /*[kʰ]ˁək/
English deep cut, engrave

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 11255 4840
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljum/ /*kʰɯːɡ/

Adjective[edit]

深刻

  1. profound; deep
    經歷留下深刻印象 [MSC, trad.]
    经历留下深刻印象 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè duàn jīnglì gěi wǒ liúxià le shēnkè de yìnxiàng. [Pinyin]
    This experience left a deep impression on me.
  2. (Classical Chinese) strict and harsh

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (深刻):
  • Japanese: 深刻(しんこく) (shinkoku)
  • Korean: 심각 (深刻, simgak)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
こく
Grade: 6
on’yomi

Adjectival noun[edit]

(しん)(こく) (shinkoku-na (adnominal (しん)(こく) (shinkoku na), adverbial (しん)(こく) (shinkoku ni))

  1. serious, deep, heavy (topic), profound (change), weighty (matter)
    深刻(しんこく)(なや)んだ
    shinkoku ni nayanda
    seriously worried

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(しん)(こく) (shinkoku

  1. seriousness