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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  – a type of liquid.

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 水廿田女 (ETWV), four-corner 35132, composition)

  1. thick, strong, concentrated

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 654, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18442
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1064, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1756, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6FC3

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (濃), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 娘 (12)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 女容切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɳɨoŋ/ /ni̯woŋ/ /nioŋ/ /ɳioŋ/ /ɳuawŋ/ /nĭwoŋ/ /nioŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
nóng ‹ nrjowng › /*n<r>oŋ/ thick (esp. as a liquid); strong (sc. drink)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9577 0 /*noŋ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. thick; concentrated
  2. (of colors) deep

See also[edit]

  • (color: deep):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(nong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: nong, McCune-Reischauer: nong, Yale: nong)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nùng, nống, nồng, nông)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.