depth

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English depthe, from Old English *dīepþ (depth), from Proto-Germanic *diupiþō (depth), equivalent to deep +‎ -th. Cognate with Scots deepth (depth), West Frisian djipte (depth), Dutch diepte (depth), Middle Low German dēpede (depth), Danish dybde (depth), Icelandic dýpt (depth), Gothic 𐌳𐌹𐌿𐍀𐌹𐌸𐌰 (diupiþa, depth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

depth (plural depths)

  1. The vertical distance below a surface; the amount that something is deep.
    Measure the depth of the water in this part of the bay.
  2. The distance between the front and the back, as the depth of a drawer or closet.
  3. (figuratively) The intensity, complexity, strength, seriousness or importance of an emotion, situation, etc.
    The depth of her misery was apparent to everyone.
    The depth of the crisis had been exaggerated.
    We were impressed by the depth of her knowledge.
  4. (computing, colors) The total palette of available colors.
  5. (art, photography) The property of appearing three-dimensional.
    The depth of field in this picture is amazing.
  6. (literary, usually plural) The deepest part. (Usually of a body of water.)
    The burning ship finally sunk into the depths.
  7. (literary, usually plural) A very remote part.
    Into the depths of the jungle...
    In the depths of the night,
  8. The most severe part.
    in the depth of the crisis.
    in the depths of winter.
  9. (statistics) The lower of the two ranks of a value in an ordered set of values.
Examples (statistics)
Ordered Batch of 9 Values
Value 15 32 45 48 49 56 69 77 97
Depth 1 2 3 4 5 4 3 2 1

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