nadir

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See also: Nadir, nádir, and nadír

English[edit]

Diagram showing the relationship between the zenith, the nadir, and different types of horizon. Nadir is opposite the zenith.

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin nadir, from Arabicنَظِير السَّمْت(naẓīr as-samt), composed of ⁧نَظِير(naẓīr, counterpart, corresponding to) and ⁧السَّمْت(as-samt, the zenith)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈneɪˌdɪə(ɹ)/, /ˈnæd.ɪə(ɹ)/, /ˈneɪ.də(ɹ)/, /neɪˈdɪə(ɹ)/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈneɪˌdɪɚ/, /ˈneɪ.dɚ/, /neɪˈdɪɚ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪdə(ɹ), -ɪə(ɹ)

Noun[edit]

nadir (plural nadirs)

  1. The point of the celestial sphere, directly opposite the zenith; inferior pole of the horizon; point of the celestial sphere directly under the place of observation.
    Antonym: zenith
    • 1638, Sir Thomas Herbert, Some years travels into divers parts of Asia and Afrique:
      [] when we are Nadyr to the Sunne, we have no ſhadow []
  2. (figuratively) The lowest point; time of greatest depression.
    Synonyms: lowest ebb, slough of despond, trough, bathos
    Antonyms: height, peak
    • 1837, Henry Hallam, Introduction to the Literature of Europe in the Fifteenth, Sixteenth, and Seventeenth Centuries:
      [] the seventh century is the nadir of the human mind in Europe []
    • 1950, Elizabeth Janeway, edited by Helen Hull, The Writer’s Book:
      In this nadir of poetic repute, when the only verse that most people read from one year’s end to the next is what appears on greetings cards, it is well for us to stop and consider our poets.
    • 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 175:
      The myth describes the dangerous moment of the nadir, the dead of winter, the moment when it is not known whether the world will be re-created and another cycle will bring on another spring.
  3. (astronomy) The axis of a projected conical shadow; the direction of the force of gravity at a location; down.
    Synonym: down
    The nadir of the sun is the axis of the shadow projected by the Earth.
  4. (beekeeping, archaic) An empty box added beneath a full one in a beehive to give the colony more room to expand or store honey.
    Antonyms: duplet, super

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

nadir (third-person singular simple present nadirs, present participle nadiring, simple past and past participle nadired)

  1. (transitive, beekeeping) To extend (a beehive) by adding an empty box at the base.

References[edit]

  • Henry Taylor (1860) The Beekeepers Manual, page 24

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic надир
Abjad

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicنَادِر(nādir).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [nɑːˈdir]
  • Hyphenation: na‧dir
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

nadir (comparative daha nadir, superlative ən nadir)

  1. rare
    nadir tapıntıa rare discovery
    nadir hallardain rare cases, rarely

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Etymology[edit]

As for the English word.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nadir m (plural nadirs)

  1. (astronomy) nadir
    Antonym: zénith

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Galician[edit]

Noun[edit]

nadir m (plural nadires)

  1. nadir (point of the celestial sphere directly under the place where the observer stands)

Further reading[edit]

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin nadir, from Arabicنَظِير السَّمْت(naẓīr as-samt), composed of ⁧نَظِير(naẓīr, counterpart, corresponding to) and ⁧السَّمْت(as-samt, the zenith).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /naˈdir/
  • Rhymes: -ir
  • Hyphenation: na‧dìr

Noun[edit]

nadir m

  1. (astronomy) nadir
    Antonym: zenit

Anagrams[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Medieval Latin nadir, from Arabicنَظِير(naẓīr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nadir m inan

  1. (astronomy) nadir (axis of projected conical shadow)
    Synonym: perygeum
    Antonym: zenit

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • nadir in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • nadir in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
 
  • (Portugal) IPA(key): /naˈdiɾ/ [naˈðiɾ]
    • (Southern Portugal) IPA(key): /naˈdi.ɾi/ [naˈði.ɾi]

  • Hyphenation: na‧dir

Noun[edit]

nadir m (plural nadires)

  1. nadir (point of the celestial sphere directly under the place where the observer stands)
  2. (figuratively) nadir (the lowest point)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French nadir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

nadir n (uncountable)

  1. nadir

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /naˈdiɾ/ [naˈð̞iɾ]
  • Rhymes: -iɾ
  • Syllabification: na‧dir

Noun[edit]

nadir m (plural nadires)

  1. nadir (point of the celestial sphere directly under the place where the observer stands)

Further reading[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicنَادِر(nādir).

Adjective[edit]

nadir

  1. rare

Synonyms[edit]