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U+8AF8, 諸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8AF8

[U+8AF7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8AF9]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜口十大日 (YRJKA), four-corner 04660, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1172, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35691
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1637, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3982, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8AF8

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rtaːʔ, *rtaː
*tjaː, *tja
*tjaːʔ
*tjaːʔ, *taːʔ
*tjaːʔ
*l̥ʰjaːʔ
*tʰjaːʔ
*djaː, *taː
*hljaː
*toːlʔ
*taː
*taː
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ
*taːʔ, *tʰaʔ
*daː, *da
*daː
*daː
*daː
*ljaʔ
*ta
*ta
*ta
*ta, *da
*ta
*taʔ, *tʰaʔ
*taʔ, *tas, *da, *taɡ, *daɡ
*tas, *das
*da
*da
*tja
*tja, *djas
*tja
*tjaʔ
*tjaʔ
*tjaʔ
*tjaʔ
*tjas
*djas
*djas
*djas
*hlja
*hjaʔ
*taɡ
*taɡ
*taɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjaː, *tja): semantic  + phonetic (OC *tjaːʔ).

Etymology[edit]

(*ta, "many, all") is considered a dependent (non-adjunctive) pronoun, gradually replacing (*tlai, “many, all”). The two may be cognate, and it may be conceivable that had branched off from in the sense "all" as the pre-nominal proclitic with the loss of the final *-i in .

Probably also cognate with (, “all”).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/ ~葛
/ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/ ~位
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂu²¹/
/t͡su²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃu²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
Xi'an /p͡fu²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fu³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡su⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡su⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂu³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂu²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡su¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sz̩ʷ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡su³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sz̩³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕy³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕy³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕy⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡su⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sy⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sy⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sy⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sy⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡su³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (23) (23)
Final () (22) (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨʌ/ /t͡ɕia/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɔ/ /t͡ɕia/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiɔ/ /t͡ɕia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cɨə̆/ /cia/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiɔ/ /t͡ɕia/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭo/ /t͡ɕĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯wo/ /t͡ɕi̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhū zhē
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 16959 17000
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjaː/ /*tja/

Definitions[edit]

  1. many; each; every; all (forming plurals; especially for persons to whom respect is due)
    /   ―  zhūhóu  ―  all the feudal lords
    /   ―  zhūwèi  ―  all those present
    子百家 / 子百家  ―  zhūzǐbǎijiā  ―  Hundred Schools of Thought
  2. Contraction of .
  3. Contraction of . it + into/onto/unto
    /   ―  zhì zhū sǐ dì  ―  to kill someone (lit. to put someone into the territory of death)
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. various
  2. many
  3. several
  4. together

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(je, jeo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: je, jeo, McCune-Reischauer: che, chŏ, Yale: cey, ce)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chư, chơ, chưa, chã, chở, chứa, đã)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.