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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜口十大日 (YRJKA), four-corner 04660, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1172, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35691
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1637, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3982, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8AF8

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 

Etymology[edit]

(*ta, "many, all") is considered a dependent (non-adjunctive) pronoun, gradually replacing (*tlai, “many, all”). The two may be cognate, and it may be conceivable that had branched off from in the sense "all" as the pre-nominal proclitic with the loss of the final *-i in .

Probably also cognate with (dōu, “all”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/ ~葛
/ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/ ~位
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂu²¹/
/t͡su²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃu²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
Xi'an /p͡fu²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fu³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡su⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡su⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂu³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂu²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡su¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sz̩ʷ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡su³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷ³³/
Wenzhou /t͡sz̩³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕy³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕy³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕy⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡su⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃu²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sy⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sy⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sy⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sy⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡su³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (23)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨʌ/ /t͡ɕi̯wo/ /t͡ɕiɔ/ /t͡ɕiɔ/ /cɨə̆/ /t͡ɕĭo/ /t͡ɕiɔ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (23)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕia/ /t͡ɕi̯a/ /t͡ɕia/ /t͡ɕia/ /cia/ /t͡ɕĭa/ /t͡ɕia/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16959 0 /*tjaː/
17000 0 /*tja/

Definitions[edit]

  1. many; each; every; all (forming plurals; especially for persons to whom respect is due)
    /   ―  zhūhóu  ―  all the feudal lords
    /   ―  zhūwèi  ―  all those present
    子百家 / 子百家  ―  zhūzǐbǎijiā  ―  Hundred Schools of Thought
  2. Contraction of .
  3. Contraction of . it + into/onto/unto
    /   ―  zhì zhū sǐ dì  ―  to kill someone (lit. to put someone into the territory of death)
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. various
  2. many
  3. several
  4. together

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(je, jeo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: je, jeo, McCune-Reischauer: che, chŏ, Yale: cey, ce)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chư, chơ, chưa, chã, chở, chứa, đã)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.