Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 109 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月山日女 (BUAV), four-corner 67032, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 807, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23318
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1222, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2488, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+773C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrɯːnʔ): semantic  ‎(eye) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kɯːns) – an ability or an action of the eye.

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from Etymology 2.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian²¹⁴/
Harbin /ian²¹³/
Tianjin /ian¹³/
Jinan /iã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ian⁵³/
Xi'an /niã⁵³/
Xining /ȵiã⁵³/
Yinchuan /ian⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ian⁵¹/
Wuhan /iɛn⁴²/
Chengdu /ian⁵³/
Guiyang /ian⁴²/
Kunming /iɛ̃⁵³/
Nanjing /ien²¹²/
Hefei /iĩ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ie⁵³/
/nie⁵³/
Pingyao /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /ie⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ŋe¹³/
Suzhou /ŋe̞³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /ŋa³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ŋɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /ŋɔ²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /iẽ⁴¹/
/ŋan⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ŋan⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ŋan²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ŋian³¹/
Taoyuan /ŋien³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋan²³/
Nanning /ŋɛn²⁴/
Hong Kong /ŋan¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gan⁵³/
/giŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋaiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hai²¹³/ 龍~
/mak̚³/ 訓目
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (31)
Final: (73)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɣɛnX/ /ŋɯænX/ /ŋænX/ /ŋəɨnX/ /ŋɛnX/ /ŋænX/ /ŋănX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wěn ‹ ngonX › /*ŋˤə[n]ʔ/ protrude as a knob
yǎn ‹ ngɛnX › /*[ŋ]ˤ<r>ə[n]ʔ/ eye

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3914 1 /*ŋrɯːnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. eye   (Classifier: ; )
  2. to see, to view; to see ... in person
  3. to keep sight of, to monitor, to watch
  4. sight, vision
  5. to testify, to witness
  6. eyelet, aperture, hole, opening
  7. loophole, shortcoming
  8. bubbles of boiling water
  9. mesh
  10. key point, critical moment
  11. (Go) trap
  12. Classifier for springs, wells and ponds.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (eye):
Dialectal synonyms of 眼睛 ("eye")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing 眼睛
Jinan
Xi'an 眼窩眼睛
Wuhan 眼睛
Chengdu 眼睛
Yangzhou 眼睛
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 眼睛
Hakka Meixian 目珠眼珠
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目珠
Liudui (S. Sixian) 目珠眼珠
Hsinchu (Hailu) 目珠
Dongshi (Dabu) 目珠
Taiwanese Raoping 目珠
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目珠
Jin Taiyuan 眼睛
Min Bei Jian'ou 目睭
Min Dong Fuzhou 目睭
Min Nan Xiamen 目睭
Taipei 目睭
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 眼睛眼烏珠
Wenzhou 眼烏珠眼靈珠眼兒珠
Xiang Changsha 眼睛
Shuangfeng 眼珠

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. protruding, bulging (like bulging eyes)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
まなこ
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(ma, eye) + ‎(no, genitive case) + ‎(ko, nominalizing suffix). Initial ma is the unbound form of ‎(me, id).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana まなこ, romaji manako)

  1. the pupil; also, the eyes in general
    • c. 790: Daihannya-kyō Ongi (Ishiyamadera manuscript, page 34)
      眼晴 [...] 倭言麻那古

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji me)

  1. Alternative form of

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1978) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 3: Daihannya-kyō Ongi, Daihannya-kyō Jishō (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3090-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(an) (hangeul , revised an, McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhãn, nhản, nhởn, nhẫn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.