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See also:
U+773C, 眼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-773C

[U+773B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+773D]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
11 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 109, +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 月山日女 (BUAV), four-corner 67032, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 807, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23318
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1222, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2488, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+773C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrɯːnʔ): semantic (eye) + phonetic (OC *kɯːns).

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from Etymology 2 (Sagart, 1999). Displaced common Sino-Tibetan (OC *muɡ, “eye”) in many dialects.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: ngaan5-2 - classifier.
Note:
  • gán - literary;
  • géng/kéng/ngúi/ngái/kán - vernacular (limited to 龍眼龙眼).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ian²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ian²¹³/
    Tianjin /ian¹³/
    Jinan /iã⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /iã⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ian⁵³/
    Xi'an /niã⁵³/
    Xining /ȵiã⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ian⁵³/
    Lanzhou /iɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ian⁵¹/
    Wuhan /iɛn⁴²/
    Chengdu /ian⁵³/
    Guiyang /ian⁴²/
    Kunming /iɛ̃⁵³/
    Nanjing /ien²¹²/
    Hefei /iĩ²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /ie⁵³/
    /nie⁵³/
    Pingyao /ȵiɑŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ie⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ŋe²³/
    Suzhou /ŋe̞³¹/
    Hangzhou /ʔiẽ̞⁵³/
    Wenzhou /ŋa³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ŋɛ³⁵/
    Tunxi /ŋɔ²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /iẽ⁴¹/
    /ŋan⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ŋan⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋan²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋian³¹/
    Taoyuan /ŋien³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋan²³/
    Nanning /ŋɛn²⁴/
    Hong Kong /ŋan¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /gan⁵³/
    /giŋ⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋaŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋaiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋaŋ⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hai²¹³/ 龍~
    /mak̚³/ 訓目

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (73)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠɛnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚænX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋænX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋəɨnX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋɛnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋænX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋănX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yǎn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ngaan5
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngɛnX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ŋ]ˁ<r>ə[n]ʔ/
    English eye

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3914
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋrɯːnʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) eye (Classifier: ; )
      See also:
    2. to see; to view; to see ... in person
    3. to keep sight of; to monitor; to watch
    4. sight; vision
    5. Classifier for actions of the eye.
        ―  dèng le tā yī yǎn  ―  to give him a stare
    6. to testify; to witness
    7. eyelet; aperture; hole; opening
    8. tempo in the opera
      一板三  ―  yībǎnsānyǎn  ―  one strong beat and three weak beats in the four-beat rhythm
    9. territory in game Go (board game).
    10. loophole; shortcoming
    11. bubbles of boiling water
    12. mesh
    13. key point; critical moment
    14. (go) trap
    15. Classifier for springs, wells and ponds.
    16. (Cantonese, mahjong) two identical tiles which are an essential part of a legal winning hand
    17. (Cantonese) Classifier for lamps.
    18. (Cantonese) Classifier for needles.
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Unknown.

    Pronunciation[edit]



    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wěn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngonX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋˁə[n]ʔ/
    English protrude as a knob

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. protruding; bulging (like bulging eyes)

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    まなこ
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    まなこ
    [noun] the pupil; also, the eyes in general
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    H
    [noun] [from 712] , : eye
    Alternative spellings
    ,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    References[edit]

    • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1978) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 3: Daihannya-kyō Ongi, Daihannya-kyō Jishō (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, →ISBN



    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋˠɛnX).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᅌᅡᆫ〯 (Yale: ngǎn)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 눈〮 (Yale: nwún) 안〯 (Yale: ǎn)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [a̠(ː)n]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (nun an))

    1. Hanja form? of (eye). [affix]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    Readings[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: nhẫn, nhãn
    : Nôm readings: nhởn, nhản, nhan, nhẫn, nhãn

    1. Hán tự form of nhãn (longan).

    References[edit]