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U+4E9B, 些
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E9B

[U+4E9A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E9C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
些-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 7 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜心一一 (YPMM), four-corner 21101, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 87, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 268
  • Dae Jaweon: page 183, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1441, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4E9B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
些-seal.svg


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*saːls, *sjaːl, *seːs
*ʔsreːʔ, *ʔseʔ, *sʰeʔ, *ʔsreʔ
*zreː
*zreː
*zreː, *ʔseʔ, *ze
*zreːs
*zraːds
*zraːds, *slɯːɡ
*ʔseː, *zeːʔ, *ʔseʔ
*sʰeːʔ, *sʰeʔ
*sʰeːʔ, *sʰeʔ, *ze
*sʰeːʔ
*zeːʔ, *ʔse
*zeːs, *zes
*ʔse
*ʔse
*ʔse
*ʔse, *ʔseʔ
*ʔse, *ze
*ʔse, *sʰe
*ʔse, *sʰe, *ze
*ʔse, *ʔse, *ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
訿 *ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
*ʔseʔ
*sʰe
*sʰeʔ
*sʰeʔ, *seʔ
*sʰes
*ze
*ze, *zes
*ze, *zes
*ze
*ʔsre

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sia - literary;
  • se - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiɛ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕie²¹/
Jinan /ɕiə²¹³/
Qingdao /siə²¹³/
Zhengzhou /siɛ⁵³/
Xi'an /ɕiɛ²¹/
Xining /ɕi⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕie⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕiə³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiɤ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕie⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕi⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕie⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /sie²¹²/
Hefei /sz̩²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/ 一~
/ɕiəʔ⁴³/ 這~
Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
Suzhou /si⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕi³³/
Wenzhou /sei³³/
Hui Shexian /se³¹/
Tunxi /se¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sie³³/
/sia³³/
Xiangtan /siɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛʔ⁵/ 訓讀
Hakka Meixian /sia⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /siɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɛ⁵³/
Nanning /ɬɛ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɛ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sia⁵⁵/
/se⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sie⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siɛ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sẽ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /nai³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (16) (16) (16)
Final () (100) (39) (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III IV I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sia/ /seiH/ /sɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/sia/ /seiH/ /sɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/sia/ /sɛiH/ /sɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sia/ /sɛjH/ /saH/
Li
Rong
/sia/ /seiH/ /sɑH/
Wang
Li
/sĭa/ /sieiH/ /sɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯a/ /sieiH/ /sɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiē suò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 1685 1686 1701
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*saːls/ /*sjaːl/ /*seːs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. little, few
  2. rather, somewhat

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“some, a few”)
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Wu Wenzhou 厘兒

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa)

Definitions[edit]

  1. little

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ta, )

  1. Hán tự form of ta, “I; me; we; us

References[edit]